To The Start of a New Year at The Other Shoe

Daniel Hanning

                                                                              Daniel Hanning


Welcome back, My Dear Shoevians, to another year of; ‘Lost in Space’, ‘News from Around the World’, ‘The Mars Report’, and so much more! Just today I have renewed my hosting for this blog. Until this past week I had feared that I would be unable to continue this journey with you My Dear Shoevians.

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This doubt had helped to silence my online voice, however now that I have met this challenge, and prevailed, I feel confident enough to write and publish again. I know that it will take time, to rebuild the, once huge, traffic to this blog. I know that and determine to meet this challenge head-on.

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There will be many changes, over the coming months, to this blog. As I have aged, I have changed and so will this blog. I will be sharing more and more videos of game play from such venerable PC titles as; World of Warcraft, Rift, The Elder Scrolls Online, Diablo 3, and Star Wars the Old Republic. As well I will be following, very closely, the investigation into collusion by members of the Trump for President 2016 campaign and Russia. Just this week, The Other Shoe dropped proving that Donald Trump, Jr. willing took a meeting with members of Russian intelligence with the sole purpose of coordinating assistance from the Russian government.

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Let me not get too far ahead of the game, and my publishing. It is good to be back. It is good to know that, for at least the next six months, this blog location is still mine! I will warn you, My Dear Shoevians, that at first… the articles will be few. I will not jump right back into publishing five to seven articles per week. However, I am committed to writing and publishing just as much and as often as my health and pain will allow.

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I, genuinely, look forward to the coming months and our continuing journey here at The Other Shoe!

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Take Care

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Adieu!

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Daniel Hanning- Writer, Research Staff, Editor and Publisher of The Other Shoe

Daniel Hanning- Writer, Research Staff, Editor and Publisher of The Other Shoe

© 2010 – 2017 Hanning Web Wurx and The Other Shoe

 

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The Mars Report August 19th, 2016

Martian Rover ‘Curiosity’ Self-portrait at ‘Big Sky’

                                Martian Rover ‘Curiosity’ Self-portrait at ‘Big Sky’

(Martian Rover ‘Curiosity’ Self-portrait at ‘Big Sky’)[1]

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Welcome, My Dear Shoevians, to ‘The Mars Report’. The very first edition of this multi-year notable article series to be published in many months. This edition contains the most recent images taken by the Curiosity rover of the Martian surface. My Dear Shoevians this return to writing and publishing this, very popular, article series signals my desire to make a genuine attempt to return to writing and publishing at ‘The Other Shoe’. I know that I have tried to return, many times before, just to have my pain and other physical difficulties cloud, and in the end, deter my best wishes. Today I am here to present to you, My Dear Shoevians, the longest edition of this storied series in nearly a year’s time!

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Today I have seven images to share, over the next several pages. These images date back to October 2015 and bring us up to date with very new & ‘fresh’ images from this month, August! I do not know that I will be able to bring the level of writing narrative that some of you, My Dear Shoevians, may have become accustom. However, I will write (in my own words) as much as I can and when I tire? I will quote from the NASA/JPL[2] web site when I found the image shared.

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New Waypoint, Science Team Newcomers for Curiosity

                         New Waypoint, Science Team Newcomers for Curiosity

(New Waypoint, Science Team Newcomers for Curiosity)[3]

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The image, above, is a map of the Martian surface showing the progress of the Martian rover ‘Curiosity’. At the top right of the image, just to the left of ‘Yellowknife’ (the blue triangle) is a blue star. This blue star is the Landing Zone of the ‘Curiosity’ rover. Named, by NASA/JPL personnel, ‘Bradbury Point’ (named after the famous sci-fi writer Ray Bradbury) this is the spot where ‘Curiosity’ started its Martian Adventure back in August of 2012. Now, for some of you, My Dear Shoevians, that are recent visitors to ‘The Other Shoe’ you may not know that I started ‘The Mars Report’ (in its current form) with the landing of ‘Curiosity’ now four years ago!

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Four years, this month, which I have been writing and publishing this very article series for all of you, My Dear Shoevians. Humm, you might well think of this edition of ‘The Mars Report’ as the fourth anniversary issue! I hadn’t thought of that, until I wrote the words right now. However, I might just make the next edition… the Anniversary Edition… so I can do it right! Now, as I was explaining, the map (above) shows ‘Bradbury Point’ where the ‘Curiosity’ rover started its journey with the last (and most recent arrival) at ‘”Naukluft Plateau’ shown at the bottom left of the image. Throughout the following images, you can go back and check this map so that you can follow along as we make our way to ‘”Naukluft Plateau’!

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Martian Rover ‘Curiosity’ Self-portrait at ‘Big Sky’

Martian Rover ‘Curiosity’ Self-portrait at ‘Big Sky’

(Curiosity Self-Portrait at ‘Big Sky’ Drilling Site)[4]

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The image above, also seen at the top of the article, is a wonderful self-portrait taken by Curiosity in the ‘Big Sky’ area leading to Mount Sharp. The image was taken (the composite image, this image is a mosaic of several dozen images. The self-portrait was taken October 6th, 2015 by the Mars Hand Lens Imager (MAHLI) camera at the end of the rover’s robotic arm. The robotic arm is not pictured. This is the most recent self-portrait (in this style) taken by the rover.

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Knobbly Textured Sandstone on Mount Sharp, Mars

Knobbly Textured Sandstone on Mount Sharp, Mars

(Knobbly Textured Sandstone on Mount Sharp, Mars)[5]

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The image, above, shows patches of Martian sandstone visible in the lower-left and upper portions of the image, they have a knobbly texture due to the nodules that are apparently more resistant to erosion than the host rock. The image was taken with the Mast Cam on the rover, and taken on March 9th, 2016. This sandstone formation was sighted on the rover’s approach to the ‘Naukluft Plateau’.

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The image is present with a color adjustment that approaches the white balance seen here on earth. This mosaic is comprised of six images taken with the Left Eye of the rover’s Mast Cam. The white balancing helps earthbound scientists to recognize materials and elements in the images provided. Now, My Dear Shoevians, when NASA/JPL provides multiple versions of a particular image, then I will share the Real Color’ and the “white Balanced’ versions.

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Curiosity's Arm Over 'Marimba' Target on Mount Sharp

Curiosity’s Arm Over ‘Marimba’ Target on Mount Sharp

(Curiosity’s Arm Over ‘Marimba’ Target on Mount Sharp)[6]

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Our next image, above, was taken during the week preceding the fourth anniversary of the mission’s dramatic sky-crane landing. This image shows Curiosity lowering the robotic arm directly over the target called ‘Marimba’ on the lower side of Mount Sharp. The image was taken by the Navigation Camera (NavCam) on August 2nd, 2016. (a mere 16 days ago, My Dear Shoevians!) The robotic arm was lowered over a patch of bedrock that was selected for the rover’s next drilling operation. Once the drilling is complete, the rock powder is collected and transferred to the onboard laboratory for analysis and observation. My Dear Readers, in past editions of ‘The Mars Report’ I have shared images of the drill device, holes drilled by the rover and image of bedrock and sandstone post drilling. Today, I am working to give you a wide range of images, in a seven image edition of ‘The Mars Report’.

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Full-Circle Panorama Beside 'Namib Dune' on Mars

Full-Circle Panorama Beside ‘Namib Dune’ on Mars

(Full-Circle Panorama Beside ‘Namib Dune’ on Mars)[7]

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Now, My Dear Shoevians, this image just might be one of those images. Meaning, that you might have to click on the image and have it take you to a larger version of the image to get the full impact of the image I have shared. What we have here, My Dear Shoevians, is a Full Circle Panorama Self-Portrait of the Martian rover Curiosity! It is not often that NASA/JPL shares for our enjoyment and edification. However, when the do? I really like to share them, as they show a huge area of the Martian surface in a rare landscape format. Directly behind the rover, closest to Curiosity and on the left side of the image, is the downwind face of ‘Namib Dune’.

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‘Nambid Dune’ is part of the ‘Bagnold Dunes’. Further in the background, and in the center-right side of the image, is ‘Mount Sharp’. This image was taken December 18th, 2015. Yes, My Dear Shoevians, this image is a little out of chronologic order. I had hoped that I would get everything perfect in this ‘All New’ edition of ‘The Mars Report’… but, alas, I am still human and did make this minor mistake. L However, in my defense, I am sharing this image of a dune face… because the nest image is a close-up of a dune face… that, well, I thought was incredible! So, without further adieu… I give you… this!

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Mastcam Telephoto of a Martian Dune's Downwind Face

Mastcam Telephoto of a Martian Dune’s Downwind Face

(Mastcam Telephoto of a Martian Dune’s Downwind Face)[8]

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Well, My Dear Shoevians, it becomes clear. My reason for placing the previous image out of chronological order, that is, becomes clear with the image above. This is the ‘Nambid Dune’ up close via the telephoto lens of the MastCam (Mast Camera). Again, My Dear Shoevians, you just might want to click on this image, too. This telephoto image of the ‘Nambid Dune’ just really struck me, as I was researching this week, for images for this ‘All New’ edition of ‘The Mars Report’. If you click on the image (now this feature is not available at all my blog location, but it IS available at the primary location of ‘The Other Shoe’). The ‘Nambid Dune’ is a part of the ‘Bagnold Dunes’ field along the northwestern flank of Mount Sharp.

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The image was taken December 21st, 2015 during the 1,200th Martian Day, or sol, of Curiosity’s work on Mars. The top of the dune face is about 13 to 17 feet in size. This image, again, uses ‘White Balancing’ so it appears in Earth-Like lighting conditions. Yes, it looks like it is black/white, but if you click or enlarge the image you can see spots of red rocks, in the lower right area of the image. Now, I know that this is an impressive image…. And I said that it “really struck me”… However, if you are a long term Shoevian, then you know that “I save the best image for last”!

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Full-Circle Vista from 'Naukluft Plateau' on Mars

Full-Circle Vista from ‘Naukluft Plateau’ on Mars

(Full-Circle Vista from ‘Naukluft Plateau’ on Mars)[9]

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My Dear Shoevians, this is a MUST CLICK image! Of all the images that I have shared, in this edition of ‘The Mars Report’, this image is breathtaking! This image was taken mid-afternoon, on April 4th, 2016, as a part of a long-term campaign to document the context and details of the geology and landforms along Curiosity’s traverse since landing August 2012. The view combines dozens of images in a mosaic of a vista from ‘Naukluft Plateau’ on lower Mount Sharp. Here is some of the description, from the NASA/JPL web site.

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The foreground and middle distance show a geologic scene dominated by eroded remnants of a finely layered ancient sandstone deposit. Since landing, the rover traversed through terrains dominated by water-lain sedimentary rocks (mudstones and siltstones, and early on, conglomerates), some of which have contained minerals like clays that attest to the ancient presence of water.  However, the rover crossed into very different geology while climbing onto the Naukluft Plateau. The sandstone here appears to be dominated by thick layers of windblown sand, suggesting that these deposits formed in a drier epoch.  These rocks resemble the types of rocks that a dune field like the “Bagnold Dunes[10] 

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The scene is presented with the ‘White Balancing’ color correction to approximate earth lighting conditions. This gives viewers a better understanding of the view, and scientists a better view of the different types of rocks and rack faces. The center of the image is a portion of the Gale Crater, with the upper Mount Sharp on the horizon at the right of the image. It was taken with the MastCam (Mast Camera) with the left and right eyes.

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With that, My Dear Shoevians, we come to the end of this edition of ‘The Mars Report’. As always, My Dear Shoevians, IF you have enjoyed this article? PLEASE ‘Share’ and ‘Like’ the article via your preferred social media outlets. I hope that all of you enjoyed this article, it did take me several hours, over two days, to; prepare, write, edit and publish. It is a labor of love, because I love sharing these images and the hope that (someday) mankind will return to the stars!

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Thank you!

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Adieu!

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Daniel Hanning- Writer, Research Staff, Editor and Publisher of The Other Shoe

Daniel Hanning- Writer, Research Staff, Editor and Publisher of The Other Shoe

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© 2010 – 2016 Hanning Web Wurx and The Other Shoe

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[1] http://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/jpl/pia19920/curiosity-self-portrait-at-big-sky-drilling-site

[2] http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/msl/images/index.html

[3] http://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/jpl/pia20166/new-waypoint-science-team-newcomers-for-curiosity

[4] http://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/jpl/pia19920/curiosity-self-portrait-at-big-sky-drilling-site

[5] http://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/jpl/pia20322/knobbly-textured-sandstone-on-mount-sharp-mars

[6] http://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/jpl/pia20764/curiositys-arm-over-marimba-target-on-mount-sharp

[7] http://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/jpl/full-circle-panorama-beside-namib-dune-on-mars

[8] http://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/jpl/mastcam-telephoto-of-a-martian-dunes-downwind-face

[9] http://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/pia20332/full-circle-vista-from-naukluft-plateau-on-mars

[10] http://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/pia20332/full-circle-vista-from-naukluft-plateau-on-mars

The Mars Report – April 22nd, 2016

Curiosity Self-Portrait at Martian Sand Dune

                                      Curiosity Self-Portrait at Martian Sand Dune

(Full-Circle Panorama Beside ‘Namib Dune’ on Mars)[1]

 

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Welcome back to The Other Shoe, My Dear Shoevians! I have decided to take a step away from all things ‘politics’ and ‘political’ heading into this weekend. With that in mind I am happy to bring you the very first edition of ‘The Mars Report’ in many months. Honestly, if feels good to put my head back into subject matter that has always made me smile… and think. Since I was a small boy of seven or eight, I dreamed of walking on the surface of another planetary body. I read the works of Clark, Asimov, and Heinlein while, in my head, turning their words into foreign lands.

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This is, as I have said, the very first edition of ‘The Mars Report’ in many months. Having said, I am a bit out of ‘shape’ when it comes to writing this genera of works, this will end up being a bit of an abbreviated edition. I have four different images to share, and most of them are from months ago. Right now Curiosity is in a dormant mode. Hibernating through the Martian Winter where it is currently located. Below is a map showing the journey of Curiosity since it first landed at ‘Bradbury Landing’ back on August 22nd, 2012. Funny, that, My Dear Shoevians… I have covered the adventures and discoveries of Curiosity since it landed. I am glad that I made this project a priority for my writing and my blog(s).

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Curiosity Rover's Traverse, First 1,163 Sols on Mars

                           Curiosity Rover’s Traverse, First 1,163 Sols on Mars

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(Curiosity Rover’s Traverse, First 1,163 Sols on Mars)[2]

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The map shown above highlights the route of the Curiosity rover. As it makes it way slowly from the beginning (at the top of the image, just to the left of ‘Yellowknife Bay’, to where it is halted just below ‘Marias Pass’. Curiosity is now located in the “Bagnold Dunes” dune field. The rover is making its way to higher elevations of Mount Sharp. The image, below, is of Curiosity at its stop in the ‘Bagnold Dunes in front of “Namib Dune”.

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Curiosity Self-Portrait at Martian Sand Dune

Curiosity Self-Portrait at Martian Sand Dune

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(Curiosity Self-Portrait at Martian Sand Dune)[3]

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This ‘Self Portrait’ is a combination of 57 images taken on Jan. 19, 2016, during the 1,228th Martian day, or sol, of Curiosity’s work on Mars. All of the 57 images were taken by the (not pictured) Mars Hand Lens Imager (MAHLI) at the end of the rover’s robotic arm. Rather interesting, My Dear Shoevians, but as I was just writing this explanation of the image, above, I found a much better and far more recent map of Curiosity’s journey. I am including it, below.

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Curiosity's Traverse Map Through Sol 1221

                                       Curiosity’s Traverse Map Through Sol 1221

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(Curiosity’s Traverse Map Through Sol 1221)[4]

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Now, My Dear Shoevians, you should be able to just left click on this image and you will be taken to the full sized rending. In the larger image you will be able to read all of the different locations Curiosity has visited in its more than 1,000 day adventure, so far. At the bottom right corner, of this image, you will see the blue overlay. In this overlay you can see the ‘Namib Dune’ location, where self portrait (show above) was taken. It is marked, in the overlay, with a yellow diamond. That was the current location for the Curiosity rover of Sol 1221 (or the 1,221st day on the Martian Surface).

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Full-Circle Panorama Beside 'Namib Dune' on Mars

                          Full-Circle Panorama Beside ‘Namib Dune’ on Mars

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(Full-Circle Panorama Beside ‘Namib Dune’ on Mars)[5]

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The image, above, appeared at the top of this article. However, I decided to include it in the body, too. This is the ‘360 Full Circleversion of the ‘Self Portrait’ captioned three images above. Now, My Dear Shoevians, as I have mentioned before you can left-click on any of these images and it will transfer your browser to another page that is just the full sized version of any given image. As well, there are footnotes at the bottom of the article. The number at the end of the caption, of any/all, images corresponds to the link at the bottom of the page. Click on a link to go to the credited page for each and every image. There you can, if you wish, download the High Definition version of any/all of the images included in my articles.

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These high definition images make for great desktop wallpapers, or for any other image needs you may have, like sharing on Facebook or any of the other social media that you enjoy. Having said, I would like to ask all of you, My Dear Shoevians, to SHARE my articles (that you enjoy) via any/all the social media outlets that you enjoy. I am sure that all your; family, friends, and co-workers would enjoy seeing these images and learning of all our (hard earned) tax dollars at work!

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'Garden City' Site

                                                             ‘Garden City’ Site

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(‘Garden City’ Site)[6]

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That brings us to the image, above, our final image of this edition of “The Mars Report’ for April 22nd, 2016. This image was taken back in March of 2015 and shows a ridge at the bottom of Mount Sharp. The site’s name is ‘Garden City’ as shows a prominent network of mineral veins below a cap rock ridge. This rock ridge is located in the Pahrump section of the Lower Murray Formation of Mount Sharp. The mineral veins, pictured in this image are formed where fluids move through fractured rocks, depositing minerals in the fractures and affecting chemistry of the surrounding rock. In this case, the veins have been more resistant to erosion than the surrounding host rock.

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The images that make up this mosaic view were taken by the left-eye camera of Mastcam (Mast Camera) on March 27, 2015, during the 938th Martian day, or sol, of Curiosity’s work on Mars. The image has been improved with white balancing so that the formation is seen as it would appear in natural light here on earth. Further image enhancement was accomplished by using Curiosity’s laser-firing Chemistry and Camera (ChemCam) instrument. It was used to record the spectra of sparks generated by zapping 17 Garden City targets with the laser. Prior to taking this mosaic  the ChemCam team had completed the most extensive upgrade to the data-analysis toolkit (which the ChemCam is part) since Curiosity reached Mars in August 2012. The cap rock scarp, pictured here, is about three feet in height.

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That brings us to the end of this edition of ‘The Mars Report’ for April 22nd, 2016. I would like to take a moment to “Thank you!” all., My Dear Shoevians, for dropping by and reading this newest edition of ‘The Mars Report’. As I mentioned earlier in this article, I hope to have another edition of this series later next week. I have already located the images I would like to showcase, and many of them are very striking! They have been taken by the Mars Orbiting Observatory and display the harsh nature of a Martian winter.

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Until then, I hope you all have a wonderful weekend. In closing, I would like to ask your indulgence. We all use social media of many types; Facebook, Pintrest, Tumblr, Twitter and Instagram just to name a few. Now that you have read and (hopefully) enjoyed this article, today? Don’t you think that others (family, friends, co-workers) would enjoy it, too? Why not be the one that shares an informative article filled with eye-candy? I think that most people would be grateful to find enjoyable content on the web that isn’t all about politics and all things political. Be that person and share this article, and all my works, and bask in the light of their thanks.

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Thank you!

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Be Good To One Another!

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Danny Hanning Writer, Editor, Research Staff and Publisher at The Other Shoe

 Danny Hanning Writer, Editor, Research Staff and Publisher at The Other Shoe

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© 2010 – 2016 Hanning Web Wurx and The Other Shoe

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[1] http://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/jpl/full-circle-panorama-beside-namib-dune-on-mars

[2] http://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/jpl/curiosity-rovers-traverse-first-1163-sols-on-mars

[3] http://www.nasa.gov/sites/default/files/thumbnails/image/pia20316-main_take6dune.jpg

[4] http://mars.nasa.gov/msl/multimedia/images/?ImageID=7640

[5] http://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/jpl/full-circle-panorama-beside-namib-dune-on-mars

[6] http://www.nasa.gov/sites/default/files/thumbnails/image/pia19921-main_blaney1_sol-0938_ml.jpg

 

The Mars Report – WATER on MARS!

Recurring 'Lineae' on Slopes at Hale Crater, Mars

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Welcome back My Dear Shoevians to The Other Shoe. Today I start this edition of ‘The Mars Report’ with the ‘Holy Grail’ of extraterrestrial exploration, water. Essential to all life, the birthplace of mankind, and (until recently) never before found outside the surface of earth. That all changed on September 28th, 2015 with the announcement of a discovery on the Martian surface. Since early in the life of the Curiosity rover, there had been speculation and observations of other liquids. However, with the image, below, all speculation ended with a single discovery.

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Recurring 'Lineae' on Slopes at Hale Crater, Mars

                                Recurring ‘Lineae’ on Slopes at Hale Crater, Mars

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(Recurring ‘Lineae’ on Slopes at Hale Crater, Mars)

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That, My Dear Shoevians, is most certainly the single most famous image of modern science. Published around the world, late last month, this is the image that has ended the search for the ‘Holy Grail’ of extraterrestrial exploration. Now, this image is rather difficult to navigate for the average reader, or Shoevian.

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The dark narrow streaks that we see, left of center, in this image are “inferred” to be formed by“Seasonal flow of water on contemporary Mars.” This is not flowing water like here on earth. This is a “briny liquid water” heavy with hydrated salts. It is these hydrated salts that brought NASA’s attention to this flow, and others found on the Martian surface. It is thought that during the winter months (occurring now) on Mars moisture in the thin atmosphere collects and solidifies on the upward sides of these slopes. As the Martian surface heats, the briny liquid water flows down slopes, like those seen in this image. This is only one example of the briny liquid water flows on the Martian surface.

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Now, as for the how this image was made? Let me quote the NASA/JPL web site for their expert explanation.

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        “The image was produced by first creating a 3-D computer model (a digital terrain map) of the area based on stereo information from two HiRISE observations, and then draping a false-color image over the land-shape model. The vertical dimension is exaggerated by a factor of 1.5 compared to horizontal dimensions. The camera records brightness in three wavelength bands: infrared, red and blue-green. The draped image is one product from HiRISE observation ESP_03070_1440.[2]

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Now, as a special added treat, My Dear Shoevians, I have a short animation of this discovery as provided by NASA/JPL below. Enjoy!

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Animation of Site of Seasonal Flows in Hale Crater, Mars

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The image, above, is made with a process called ‘false color’. If you are a regular Shoevian then you are familiar with this process of image enhancement. Our next image is of the very same process of briny liquid water taken at Horowitz Crater, without the image enhancements.

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Recurring "Lineae" on Slopes at Horowitz Crater

                                Recurring “Lineae” on Slopes at Horowitz Crater

[3]

(Recurring “Lineae” on Slopes at Horowitz Crater)

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MY Dear Shoevians, this discovery is the single most important scientific discovery of mankind. With the presence of liquid water, comes the distinct possibility of the formation of life. The possibility of life existing on the surface of another planetary body in our solar system is nothing short of incredible. Now, My Dear Shoevians, aside from the implications of life of another planetary body within our own solar system (as if that is not enough) liquid water on the Martian surface gives us the opportunity of a gas station in space!

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By breaking down liquid water into its component hydrogen and oxygen, then pressurizing said gases into a liquid form yields liquid hydrogen and liquid oxygen (LOX). As well, the oxygen can be used for breathing by the astronauts and water… well, to drink!

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Now, for any still remaining nay Sayers I give you the following image, captured at the Kimberly Formation at the base of Mount Sharp.

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NASA's Curiosity Rover Team Confirms Ancient Lakes on Mars

                   NASA’s Curiosity Rover Team Confirms Ancient Lakes on Mars

[4]

(NASA’s Curiosity Rover Team Confirms Ancient Lakes on Mars)

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Well, My Dear Shoevians, I am pretty darn good with words. However, when it comes to explaining the above captioned image, I am going to leave this one image to the experts at NASA/JPL.

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A new study from the team behind NASA’s Mars Science Laboratory/Curiosity has confirmed that Mars was once, billions of years ago, capable of storing water in lakes over an extended period of time.

Using data from the Curiosity rover, the team has determined that, long ago, water helped deposit sediment into Gale Crater, where the rover landed more than three years ago. The sediment deposited as layers that formed the foundation for Mount Sharp, the mountain found in the middle of the crater today.

“Observations from the rover suggest that a series of long-lived streams and lakes existed at some point between about 3.8 to 3.3 billion years ago, delivering sediment that slowly built up the lower layers of Mount Sharp,” said Ashwin Vasavada, Mars Science Laboratory project scientist at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California, and co-author of the new Science article to be published Friday, Oct. 9.”[5]

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Well, My Dear Shoevians, I have reached the very limit of my endurance to my pain… today. I had really wanted to share another ‘Gargantuan’ edition of ‘The Mars Report’ for all of your today. However, I simply am not going to push myself and be in pain for days and days to come. I hope to write, and publish, an all new edition of ‘Lost in Space’ later this week. There are still tons of great images, I have put aside, from the Chandra X-Ray Telescope for future editions. I hope to share some more of these, later on this week.

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I would like to extend my thanks to all of you, My Dear Shoevians, for dropping by today. For taking the time to revel in the scientific discovery of the ‘Holy Grail’ on the Martian surface. I know that I have been greatly absent, from these pages. I hope to change that reality and appear here on a more and more frequent basis. I do love to write, love to share my discoveries, and love to publish. But for my disabilities, my pain and growing physical limitations, I would be here every single day!

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Adieu!

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Thank you!

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Danny Hanning Writer, Editor, Research Staff and Publisher at The Other Shoe

© 2010 – 2015 Hanning Web Wurx and The Other Shoe

 

 

Lost in Space – PLUTO – Up Close

Pluto in High Definition – New Horizons

                                           Pluto in High Definition – New Horizons

1(Pluto in High Definition – New Horizons)

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                      Welcome back My Dear Shoevians to The Other Shoe. My Dear Shoevians I greatly appreciate your support in continuing to visit and; read, view, like, share and enjoy my works. Due to my damaged laptop computer (My writing computer of the past seven years) my ability to write and publish articles on a regular-to-frequent basis has been limited. Today, Saturday, I was allowed access to a neighbor’s computer and I have spent the past five hours working to catch-up and write and publish a couple of articles. This is the second, and last, article I will be able to write and publish until sometime next week. However if you, My Dear Shoevians, have showed your support and made donations to my PayPal account (enzomatrix@earthlink.net @ PayPal) I will have my laptop repaired as expeditiously as possible and return to my frequent publication schedule. Today, I have to share, another edition of ‘Lost in Space – Pluto – New Horizons’. Today’s images are (mostly) High-Definition and the very best images of Pluto that I have ever seen!

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The image, above, is called The Rich Color Variations of Pluto’. This image was taken on July 14th, 2015 by by the Ralph/Multispectral Visual Imaging Camera (MVIC) aboard the ‘New Horizons’ spacecraft as it leaves Pluto forever. As with all the images I publish at all four of my blog locations, if you click on the image it will take you to a full definition/full screen version of this incredible image of Pluto. All in all, today, I will be sharing with you, My Dear Shoevians, SEVEN brand new High-Definition images of Pluto taken by the ‘New Horizons’ spacecraft. Truthfully? I really did not think I would be able to provide (to you, My Dear Shoevians) any editions of ‘Lost in Space’ or ‘The Mars Report’ until my computer was repaired or replaced. Little did I know that I would meet a new resident of my apartment complex that liked my blog(s) so much that he offered to allow me to use one of his computers for my work. Thank you David!

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Pluto’s Varied Terrain

                                                            Pluto’s Varied Terrain

2(Pluto’s Varied Terrain)

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The image, above, was taken just before the closest approach to Pluto on July 14th, 2015. This is one of the sharpest images that has ever been taken of the surface of Pluto. The image reveals details down to scales of 270 meters. This image is of a 75 mile square area showing textured plains surrounding two isolated ice mountains. The ice mountains are high in copper resulting in the rust color of the outcrops of minerals.

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Perplexing Pluto New ‘Snakeskin’ Image and More from New Horizons

              Perplexing Pluto New ‘Snakeskin’ Image and More from New Horizons

3(Perplexing Pluto New ‘Snakeskin’ Image and More from New Horizons)

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Our next image, above, was taken near the terminator of Pluto. The terminator is the line that separates night from day. Called “snakeskin” by the New Horizons team members, this surface geology is unfamiliar to all. This is what they had to say about this all new geology:

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It’s a unique and perplexing landscape stretching over hundreds of miles,” said William McKinnon, New Horizons Geology, Geophysics and Imaging (GGI) team deputy lead from Washington University in St. Louis. “It looks more like tree bark or dragon scales than geology. This’ll really take time to figure out; maybe it’s some combination of internal tectonic forces and ice sublimation driven by Pluto’s faint sunlight.”4 This image was taken on July 14th, 2015 and downlinked to NASA/JPL (here on Earth) on September 19th, 2015. The image was taken by the Long Range Reconnaissance Imager (LORRI) and covers an area roughly 330 miles (530 kilometers) across at the bizarrely textured mountains, informally named the Tartarus Dorsa . Honestly, My Dear Shoevians, it really does look more like Dragon Scales than surface geology of a exo-planet. Scientists are not sure just how these geologic surface formations were created, but the think that it is a combination of “internal tectonic forces and ice sublimation driven by Pluto’s faint sunlight”. We will only find out when we land men on Pluto and begin sub-surface exploration.

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Tartarus Dorsa

                                                                  Tartarus Dorsa

5(Tartarus Dorsa)

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The image, above, is a broad-area view of the land mass Tartarus Dorsa. At about three o’clock we see the area of the close-up pictured in the next image, above. This way we see the close-up of the area, and a broad-area image of the whole terminator line on the surface of Pluto.

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Sputnik Planum

                                                                  Sputnik Planum

6(Sputnik Planum)

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For our next image, My Dear Shoevians, we have the Sputnik Planum’ area of Pluto. This area is located, roughly, 300 miles to the east of the areas pictured in the two previous images. All of these images were taken during New Horizons’ closest approach on July 14th, 2015 and downlinked to Earth just days ago on September 19th-20th, 2015. I have to tell you, My Dear Shoevians, I just couldn’t have timed the writing and publication of this edition of ‘Lost in Space’ if I had a schedule of downlinks from NASA/JPL. NO, I do not have such a schedule, I just check on all the NSA/JPL web sites several times a week and just go lucky! Although, the timing of barrowing a computer just in time to download the images and write the article… is just uncanny.

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Mosaic of High-Resolution Images of Pluto

                                        Mosaic of High-Resolution Images of Pluto

7(Mosaic of High-Resolution Images of Pluto)

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Now, My Dear Shoevians, if you look at about 7 O’clock on this image you can see the Sputnik Planum’. ‘ Sputnik Planum’ is the area of the close-up in the previous image shared here, and now we step back and have a larger area view. Looking very closely, you can clearly see the small island out-crop that is featured in the color image. Again, this image was taken on July 14th, 2015 and downlinked between September 4th and 5th, 2015. Yes, My Dear Shoevians, I have worked hard to stage these images so that you see the close-up (first), then the larger-area-view in the nest image of the series. Unfortunately, My Dear Shoevians, I am running out of time… on this borrowed computer, so I am going to rush the end of this article. I apologize for this… I just want to make sure that I have this article, and images, uploaded before I run out of time.

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Closer Look Majestic Mountains and Frozen Plains

                               Closer Look Majestic Mountains and Frozen Plains

8(Closer Look Majestic Mountains and Frozen Plains)

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Now, My Dear Shoevians, I really wish that I could have found a color version of this image. Seriously this image, for me, is breath-taking! For the very first time, in human history, we are seeing fog over mountain peaks on another planet!!! This image was taken, by the New Horizons spacecraft, just as it had finished its closest approach on July 14th, 2015. The spacecraft looked backward, like over its shoulder, back toward the sun and captured this near-sunset view of the rugged, icy mountains and flat ice plains extending to Pluto’s horizon.

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The smooth expanse of the informally named Sputnik Planum (right) is flanked to the west (left) by rugged mountains up to 11,000 feet (3,500 meters) high, including the informally named Norgay Montes in the foreground and Hillary Montes on the skyline. The backlighting highlights more than a dozen layers of haze in Pluto’s tenuous but distended atmosphere. The image was taken from a distance of 11,000 miles (18,000 kilometers) to Pluto; the scene is 230 miles (380 kilometers) across.”9

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Global Mosaic of Pluto in True Color

                                               Global Mosaic of Pluto in True Color

10(Global Mosaic of Pluto in True Color)

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Now, My Dear Shoevians, above is a global mosaic of Pluto’s surface presented in true color.

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Four images from New Horizons’ Long Range Reconnaissance Imager (LORRI) were combined with color data from the Ralph instrument to create this sharper global view of Pluto. (The lower right edge of Pluto in this view currently lacks high-resolution color coverage.) The images, taken when the spacecraft was 280,000 miles (450,000 kilometers) away from Pluto, show features as small as 1.4 miles (2.2 kilometers). That’s twice the resolution of the single-image view captured on July 13 and revealed at the approximate time of New Horizons’ July 14 closest approach.”11

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I find it amazing that both Pluto and Mars are ‘Red Planets’. I really had no idea that Pluto would end up being red in color. Our next image is of the same global mosaic, only presented in false color.

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Pluto Dazzles in False Color

                                                      Pluto Dazzles in False Color

12(Pluto Dazzles in False Color)

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The above image is the very same images as the previous image. However, during the processing stage NASA/JPL used a ‘False-color’ imaging filter to give us more visually appealing image. Here is the information, from the NSA/JPL web site, explaining the difference between the two versions of this same image.

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Four images from New Horizons’ Long Range Reconnaissance Imager (LORRI) were combined with color data from the Ralph instrument to create this enhanced color global view. The images, taken when the spacecraft was 280,000 miles (450,000 kilometers) away, show features as small as 1.4 miles (2.2 kilometers).”13

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The Rich Color Variations of Pluto

                                                The Rich Color Variations of Pluto

14(The Rich Color Variations of Pluto)

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And with that image, My Dear Shoevians, we bring this article to an end with the exact same image as we began. If you look at the center of the image, looking left and down, you can see the Heart of Pluto! Where the rugged mountain outcrops meet the frozen plains you can see the heart shape… the heart shape than nobody had ever seen until New Horizons showed mankind the dwarf planet Pluto like we have never seen it before. I would like to thank David, again, for his kind lending of his computer so that I might be able to write and publish this article.

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For all of you that have not tuned into The Other Shoe for some time? My writing computer has broken down. The video adapter of the laptop has stop working and made my laptop writing computer unuseable. It still boots up… it can run… but I can no longer use the exterior monitor that sits on my bed-side desk. I can no longer use any 3D imaging programs of 3D games or animation of 3D publication. As well, if I continue to use the laptop (in its current condition) I run the real risk of doing more damage and perhaps damaging the computer beyond repair. I have written and published two articles about this problem, and my complete and total lack of financial means to pay for the much needed repairs.

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My Dear Shoevians, I would like to ask all of you to drop by and read the linked article ‘Computer Repair PROOF – Please Assist Me!’. In this article I explain what is wrong, give the estimates for repair I have already received, and share information on how to help! I am accepting donations via my PayPal account (enzomatrix@earthlink.net). PLEASE check out the article, in it I share the proof that the problem is real and my need is real. I apologize… but I really want to get back to writing and publishing on a regular basis… and I cannot do this with a malfunctioning computer. Check out the article… take a moment and think… and PLEASE consider helping me out and supporting my efforts to repair my most favorite computer in the world. I have written over 700 articles, two novels, business cards, newsletters and brochures all on this one laptop computer.

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PLEASE HELP.

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Adieu!

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Thank you!

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Danny Hanning Writer, Editor, Research Staff and Publisher at The Other Shoe

                           Danny Hanning Writer, Editor, Research Staff and Publisher at The Other Shoe

© 2010 – 2015 Hanning Web Wurx and The Other Shoe

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Pluto in High Definition – New Horizons

                                  Pluto in High Definition – New Horizons

The Mars Report – September 2nd, 2015

Looking Up at Mars Rover Curiosity in 'Buckskin' Selfie

 Looking Up at Mars Rover Curiosity in ‘Buckskin’ Selfie.

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(Curiosity Rover ‘Selfie’ Lower Mount Sharp)

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                       Welcome back My Dear Shoevians to The Other Shoe and ‘The Mars Report’ forSeptember 2nd , 2015. Today I bring you some of the most panoramic and incredible images, from the Curiosity rover, I have ever seen. I know that each and every week I talk about the “incredible images” I have to share, and somehow I don’t doubt that harms my credibility. However, after you see what I have to share, today, maybe just maybe my credibility will remain intact.

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We start with the image, above. This is a ‘selfie’ from the Curiosity rover while parked on the lower elevation of Mount Sharp. It was taken with the Mars Hand Lens Imager (MAHLI) on Aug. 5, 2015, during the 1,065th Martian day. Now, My Dear Shoevians, there just are not a whole lot of images from Curiosity that I haven’t already shared with all of you right here in the pages of ‘The Mars Report’. However, I haven’t (yet) shared something. That is VIDEOS! That’s right, today I am going to share with all of you, My Dear Shoevians, several videos that have become available byNASA/JPL. I will post the images I do have to share, and then we will move right into the videos. So, stick around and keep on reading and viewing and shortly you will come to some great videos directly from the Martian surface and the Curiosity rover.

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Geological Contact Zone Near 'Marias Pass' on Mars

                            Geological Contact Zone Near ‘Marias Pass’ on Mars

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(Geological Contact Zone Near ‘Marias Pass’ on Mars)

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Our next image, above, was taken on lower Mount Sharp with the MAstCam camera on the Curiosityrover. The image was taken in July25th, 2015 just below ‘Marias Pass’ of Mount Sharp. What we see?Bedrock, this is an image of the bedrock at the base of Mount Sharp, and there are two different types of bedrock in this image. The darker, finely bedded bedrock higher in the image and overlying the mudstone stratigraphically is sandstone that the rover team calls the “Stimson” unit.

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Test Rover at JPL During Preparation for Mars Rover's Low-Angle Selfie

            Test Rover at JPL During Preparation for Mars Rover’s Low-Angle Selfie

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(Test Rover at JPL During Preparation for Mars Rover’s Low-Angle Selfie)

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The next image, above, shows a test rover back here on Earth. This rover is exactly the same as theCuriosity rover and is used as a test platform for running diagnostics for any problems they may encounter with the Curiosity rover while on the Martian surface. This practice version was taken at JPL’s Mars Yard in July 2013, using the Vehicle System Test Bed (VSTB) rover, which has a test copy of MAHLI on its robotic arm. Again, this is a mosaic of images taken by Curiosity’s arm-mounted Mars Hand Lens Imager (MAHLI) camera took 92 of component images.

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High-Silica 'Lamoose' Rock

                                                     High-Silica ‘Lamoose’ Rock

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(High-Silica ‘Lamoose’ Rock)

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This is another image taken by the Mars Hand Lens Imager (MAHLI) of the Curiosity rover. It was taken in the “Marias Pass” area of Mt. Sharp on July 11th, 2015. This shows a rock-face that is very high in silica. Silica is a rock-forming compound containing silicon and oxygen, commonly found on Earth as quartz. High levels of silica could indicate ideal conditions for preserving ancient organic material, if present, so the science team wants to take a closer look. The rock in this image was about four inches across and was noted had a very fine grain.

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Curiosity Poster from NASA/JPL

                                                 Curiosity Poster from NASA/JPL

(Curiosity Poster from NASA/JPL)

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Above is a poster that I found for the Curiosity rover as issued by NASA/JPL. Now, I have tried and tried to find exactly where I downloaded this poster… to no avail. However, if you would like the PDF file that I have I would be happy to send it to you. Just message me via comments on any of the fourThe Other Shoe blog locations and I will email the PDF Curiosity poster directly to you. Now, for the part of the article that you all have been waiting for… the videos!

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FIFTY YEARS OF MARS EXPLORATION

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And, another video more focused just on the Curiosity rover mission:

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THREE YEARS ON MARS – Curiosity Report Video

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That, My Dear Shoevians brings us the end of this (abbreviated) edition of ‘The Mars Report’ for September 2nd, 2015. I would like to take this time to say “Thank you!” to all of you, My Dear Shoevians, for dropping by and reading and watching. As always, if You have enjoyed your stay and this article? Please remember to ‘Like’ and ‘Share’ this article (and my blog) via any/all of your social media outlets. This way more and more people get to enjoy what you have enjoyed, here today.

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Adieu!

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Thank you!

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Danny Hanning Writer, Editor, Research Staff and Publisher at The Other Shoe

© 2010 – 2015 Hanning Web Wurx and The Other Shoe

Lost in Space – Chandra – August 26th 2015

Chandra Finds Intriguing Member of Black Hole Family-Tree

Chandra Finds Intriguing Member of Black Hole Family-Tree

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Welcome back My Dear Shoevians to The Other Shoe. I present to all of you, in this xtra-edtion of ‘Lost in Space’ for August 26th, 2015. Of course this xtra-edition is just a way for me to get my ‘Chandra’ on. Chandra being NASA’s flagship of X-ray astronomy, and the source of all the images in this xtra-edition’ for your weekend viewing pleasure! For all our new Shoevians, the Chandra space telescope is an X-Ray Telescope launched in 1999 by NASA. The images you will see here, today, are combinations of observations by; theChandra X-Ray Telescope and the Hubble Space Telescope. These two NASA wonders of modern technology and science. Quite honestly, My Dear Shoevians, this article has been ‘In the Works’ for the better part of two weeks. It all started the way many of my articles start, wandering the internet looking for something different to write!

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I had visited the NASA-Curiosity web site and found that the One Year Anniversary had just passed and their was a LOT of material I have to sift through, before I can put together areal tribute to the first year of Curiosity on Mars! So, My Dear Shoevians, look for a One Year Anniversary Edition of The Mars Report coming the first part of next week (August 31stor September 1st, 2105). Not wanting to surmount that particular journey, yet today, I shifted my focus to another of NASA’s projects I had my eye on, Chandra! Chandra is an X-Ray Telescope launched, by NASA, in 1999.

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I have seen some pretty incredible images, in the past few months, coming from the Chandra telescope. So, I headed over to the Chandra site at NASA. Much to my surprise, and my happiness, I found TONS of incredible to awe-inspiring images right at my finger tips. Soon, I became overwhelmed with the number and creative reach of these images. Rather than drown, in the imagery, I downloaded; nine of the most recent images, links for footnotes, and some detail of the images written by the good people at NASA. I put this all into a folder for… TODAY! Today, or rather tonight, it is Tuesday night August 25th, 2015 at about 11:30PM.

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I have all the images uploaded to my four different blog locations, I have all the links to reference the image origins in footnotes, and I have rather long descriptions of the images that I can use to help me write my own content, or use parts to supplement my writing with quotes from NASA. All told, I am now ‘as ready as I am going to be’ to write and publish this article of incredible images from an all NEW source! I do hope that all of you, My Dear Shoevians, enjoy these new images and our newest source for spectacular space images. If all goes well? I will be visiting the Chandra web site several times a month, and we will have another offshoot of ‘Lost in Space’ from Hubble to Chandra! Here goes my best effort at providing you,My Dearest Shoevians, with; more, better and different material, images and scientific exploration.

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Our first image of this edition of ‘Lost in Space’ is/was the image at the top of the page. However, I am going to explain that image when it comes up latter in this article. Therefore, the actual very first image of this edition will be the one right below this paragraph. This is an image of a ‘Super-Massive Black Hole” at the very center of our Milky Way Galaxy. Not everyone knows that the very center of our galaxy, the Milky Way, has a super-massive black hole! I had suspected, for many decades, that this was (in fact) the situation. That, if, our entire ‘reality’ (all of the galaxies, universes and everything) started with a black hole? Then it would stand to reason that the very center of our galaxy would be a black hole. Now, quite honestly, My Dear Shoevians, I did not anticipate that this black hole would be Super-Massive. That took me off guard.

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.NASA's Chandra Detects Record-Breaking Outburst from Milky Way's Black Hole

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(Chandra Detects Record-Breaking Outburst from Milky Way’s Black Hole)

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Oh, FYI, I am writing this article on my other computer… not the laptop that I usually; write, edit, upload and publish with and on. There is nothing wrong with that computer, it is just that I am in way too much pain to use that computer, today. What you, My Dear Shoevians, see above is a combination of images. The Chandra X-Ray Telescope took the originalimage of the x-rays emitting from this supermassive black hole, that is how we find these puppies… radiation found by x-ray searching. Then, they point Hubble at the exact same point, take images, and then overlay the Hubble image over the Chandra image and WaLa! You have the incredibly revealing image that we see, above.

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This is the very center of our Milky Way Galaxy. There we find a “Super-Massive Black Hole” and it is really busy! It is busy blasting “X-Ray Flares”! I could try to put all this into my own words, but the people at NASA really do seem to have a handle on the science that I just don’t Therefore, I will share the quote (below) that was part of the description given on the page with this image. Then, My Dear Shoevians, I will catch you on the other side!

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On September 14, 2013, astronomers caught the largest X-ray flare ever detected from the supermassive black hole at the center of the Milky Way, known as Sagittarius A* (Sgr A*). This event, which was captured by NASA’s Chandra X-ray Observatory, was 400 times brighter than the usual X-ray output from Sgr A*, as described in our press release. The main portion of this graphic shows the area around Sgr A* in a Chandra image where low, medium, and high-energy X-rays are red, green, and blue respectively. The inset box contains an X-ray movie of the region close to Sgr A* and shows the giant flare, along with much steadier X-ray emission from a nearby magnetar, to the lower left. A magnetar is a neutron star with a strong magnetic field. A little more than a year later, astronomers saw another flare from Sgr A* that was 200 times brighter than its normal state in October 2014.”2

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Well! That really does help with the explanation of what we are all seeing. The larger image is of the entire central region of the Milky Way. Then, we see two PIPs (Pictures in Pictures)in the lower right corner. The first one, going from left to right, is the earlier image insert showing the ‘Normal’ x-ray radiation output of this super-massive black hole. Then, the secondimage (to the right of the first) show the increased output NASA scientists noticed starting in September of 2013. The whole affair is now over, and the black hole has returned to its normal output of x-ray radiation. However, this sighting has helped Sir Stephen Hawking to solidify his theory on black holes, x-ray radiation (the x-ray radiation of black holes was once named/called ‘Hawking Radiation”) at the event horizon. This was in the news just this week, too!

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NASA's Chandra Suggests Black Holes Gorging at Excessive Rates

                                     NASA’s Chandra Suggests Black Holes Gorging at Excessive Rates

3(NASA’s Chandra Suggests Black Holes Gorging at Excessive Rates)

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Our next image, My Dear Shoevians, (above) is evidence of another super-massive black hole that is gorging on space materials at excessive rates! Chandra has studied dozens of these super-massive black holes and have found that quasars are, frequently, found at the center of these areas. That quasars and super-massive black holes form in/around each other. However, as I mentioned the three quasars and super-massive black holes in this image are consuming matter at “excessive rates”! Here, let me (again) quote the scientists at NASA for a better and clearer understanding of the science.

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Astronomers have studied 51 quasars with NASA’s Chandra X-ray Observatory and found they may represent an unusual population of black holes that consume excessive amounts of matter, as described in our latest press release. Quasars are objects that have supermassive black holes that also shine very brightly in different types of light. By examining the X-ray properties with Chandra, and combining them with data from ultraviolet and visible light observations, scientists are trying to determine exactly how these large black holes grow so quickly in the early Universe.

The quasars in this study – including the three shown as Chandra images in the bottom of the graphic – are located between about 5 billion and 11.5 billion light years from Earth. These quasars were selected because they had unusually weak emission from certain atoms, especially carbon, at ultraviolet wavelengths. Also, about 65% of the quasars in this new study were found to be much fainter in X-rays, by about 40 times on average, than typical quasars.

The weak ultraviolet atomic emission and X-ray fluxes from these objects could be an important clue to the question of how a supermassive black hole pulls in matter. Computer simulations show that, at low inflow rates, matter swirls toward the black hole in a thin disk. However, if the rate of inflow is high, the disk can puff up dramatically into a torus or donut that surrounds the inner part of the disk.”4

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Next, is an artist representation of the excessive rates of matter gorging taking place in and around these super-massive black holes and their neighboring quasars. Again, this is not an image taken by either Chandra or the Hubble space telescopes. The top ornage image is the artist representation, and below is actual images taken by the Chandra x-ray telescope. You can clearly see, in the upper image, just how much and how vast the reach and amount of matter these super-massive black holes are pulling into themselves! I simply cannot image being in the space near or around these super-massive black holes. They are completely capable of sucking down the entirely of our solar system in a matter of… … weeks, months, years! Here is the next image, I will catch all of you on the other side!

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Artist Representation of Super-Massive Black Holes Gorging

                                        Artist Representation of Super-Massive Black Holes Gorging

(Artist Representation of Super-Massive Black Holes Gorging)

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Now, My Dear Shoevians, there are not a whole lot of places you can go to see this kind of imaging with all the science explained nice and neat, eh? Oh, bye-the-bye if you are viewing this article at the Blog dot Com web site? Just what do you think of these images with the new theme? Don’t these images just jump off the page?!?! I previewed this new theme a lot,before picking this one, and I really thought that it as just perfect for all my; ‘Lost in Space’ , ‘The Mars Report’ and all the wonderful and incredible articles I write and share that have dozens of images, like these! I hope that you, My Dear Shoevians, really appreciate the change and how the images look with the new theme! Here is a quote, from NASA Scientists, about the image above:

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A new Chandra study indicates the existence of a population of black holes that is consuming extremely large amounts of material.

  • Thick, donut-shaped disks may be surrounding the black holes, blocking much of the light that would otherwise be emitted.

The black holes in these quasars may be growing at an extraordinarily rapid rate.”5

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I mean, that is great and all, but really I included this image because I was just taken aback by the orange image and how they have represented the gorging of these quasars and black holes so accurately! Really. Isn’t that image with all the orange just awesome? Now, on to our next image for today. WOW! It is only page 8, and I am already 1/3 the way through writing this article! At this rate I should be publishing this article at about 3AM! That is not really bad for a article of this size and scope! I just hope that nobody needs to call and talk to me, tomorrow, until about noon! 🙂

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NGC 5813: Chandra Finds Evidence for Serial Black Hole Eruptions)

                                     (NGC 5813: Chandra Finds Evidence for Serial Black Hole Eruptions)

6(NGC 5813: Chandra Finds Evidence for Serial Black Hole Eruptions)

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Awww… purple!!!! The image, above, is of the group of galaxies names NGC-5813. This group of galaxies have been the focus of immense study and have brought scientists to the conclusion that this super-massive black hole has been responsible for repeated (or Serial) eruptions, over the past 50 million years, and that his has permanently rearranged the galaxy around. It is science, and discoveries, like these that make me a very grateful human being living in a quite docile solar system in a very docile galaxy, the Milky Way. No galaxies colliding with other galaxies. No super-massive black holes erupting x-rays, or gorging on matter from our solar system. Our solar system, and our Milky Way Galaxy, are a lot like Southern California’s weather. Sun goes up, sun goes down. Sun goes up, sun goes down. Repeat. Now, for more of the scientific explanation of the image we see above.

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Astronomers have used NASA’s Chandra X-ray Observatory to show that multiple eruptions from a supermassive black hole over 50 million years have rearranged the cosmic landscape at the center of a group of galaxies.

Scientists discovered this history of black hole eruptions by studying NGC 5813, a group of galaxies about 105 million light years from Earth. These Chandra observations are the longest ever obtained of a galaxy group, lasting for just over a week. The Chandra data are shown in this new composite image where the X-rays from Chandra (purple) have been combined with visible light data (red, green and blue).

Galaxy groups are like their larger cousins, galaxy clusters, but instead of containing hundreds or even thousands of galaxies like clusters do, galaxy groups are typically comprised of 50 or fewer galaxies. Like galaxy clusters, groups of galaxies are enveloped by giant amounts of hot gas that emit X-rays.

The erupting supermassive black hole is located in the central galaxy of NGC 5813. The black hole’s spin, coupled with gas spiraling toward the black hole, can produce a rotating, tightly wound vertical tower of magnetic field that flings a large fraction of the inflowing gas away from the vicinity of the black hole in an energetic, high-speed jet.”7

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Well, My Dear Shoevians, it looks like there is going to me more like ten images today and not the nine I had previously mentioned. I had left out one of the images; link, narrative and name. I have, since I found the problem, added the link, name and information for out next image for this edition of ‘Lost in Space’. I really cannot think of a better group of people toget ‘Lost in Space’ with, or better stars and images to share whilst we are lost! Now, let me share our next image, and I will catch you on the other side!

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Chandra Finds Intriguing Member of Black Hole Family-Tree

                                          Chandra Finds Intriguing Member of Black Hole Family-Tree

8(NGC 2276: NASA’s Chandra Finds Intriguing Member of Black Hole Family Tree)

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Our image, above, is of the galaxy NGC-2276. It is located 100 million light-years from our earth here in the Milky Way. Now, the reason for its inclusion in this article, and the reason that NASA has found it “Intriguing” is that NGC-2276 contains a black hole in a state of evolution not previously seen before! The discovery of this black hole, at this time, helps to fill in the holes in the evolution of black holes. Much like the finding of Cro-Mangon man helped scientists fill in a hole in man’s evolutionary chain. As usual, my abilities to share this scientific information are adequate, but let me give the scientists at NASA a swing! I will catch you on the other side! 🙂

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A newly discovered object in the galaxy NGC 2276 may prove to be an important black hole that helps fill in the evolutionary story of these exotic objects, as described in our latestpress release. The main image in this graphic contains a composite image of NGC 2766 that includes X-rays from NASA’s Chandra X-ray Observatory (pink) combined with optical data from the Hubble Space Telescope and the Digitized Sky Survey (red, green and blue). The inset is a zoom into the interesting source that lies in one of the galaxy’s spiral arms. This object, called NGC 2276-3c, is seen in radio waves (red) in observations from the European Very Long Baseline Interferometry Network, or EVN.

Astronomers have combined the X-ray and radio data to determine that NGC 2766-3c is likely an intermediate-mass black hole (IMBH). As the name suggests, IMBHs are black holes that are larger than stellar-mass black holes that contain about five to thirty times the mass of the Sun, but smaller than supermassive black holes that are millions or even billions of solar masses. The researchers estimated the mass of NGC 2766-3c using a well-known relationship between how bright the source is in radio and X-rays, and the mass of the black hole. The X-ray and radio brightness were based on observations with Chandra and the EVN. They found that NGC 2276-3c contains about 50,000 times the mass of the Sun.”9

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50,00 TIMES the mass of our sun, Sol! WOOF! That is incredible, to say the least. I am just learning so much, in this edition of ‘Lost in Space’. Oh, bye the way, did I tell you, My Dear Shoevians? Tell you that a couple of school teachers (here in the states) have picked up (via Pintrest) MY ‘Lost in Space’ as/for a TEACHING TOOL?!?!? YES! I received notification, via pintrest, that two Middle School teachers, right here in America, are using my editions of ‘Lost in Space’ to TEACH about the stars and our solar system! Amazing, I have always wanted to be a teacher… Now, my writing is used in teaching of dozens of students all over America! That makes me really feel like I have reached a benchmark in my writing and publishing career! Drop me a message, or comment, and tell me what you My Dear Shoevians think about my article series ‘Lost in Space’ being used to teach Middle School students about the stars and galaxies around us! Just cool enough for school! 🙂

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NGC 1333: Stellar Sparklers That Last

                                                                    NGC 1333: Stellar Sparklers That Last

10(NGC 1333: Stellar Sparklers That Last)

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At 780 light-years from Earth the galaxy group named NGC-1333 is our next subject. The image, above, is really quite incredible because of the way it has been created for our viewing pleasure. This image is not just done with the imaging capabilities of Chandra, or any other one space telescope. No, rather, this image is the combination of many space and earth based telescopes, and a a testament to the capabilities, and potential, of many scientists and scientific groups working together. Again, let me have the good people as NASA explain this, better.

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This new composite image combines X-rays from NASA’s Chandra X-ray Observatory (pink) with infrared data from the Spitzer Space Telescope (red) as well as optical data from the Digitized Sky Survey and the National Optical Astronomy Observatory Mayall 4-meter telescope on Kitt Peak (red, green, blue). The Chandra data reveal 95 young stars glowing in X-ray light, 41 of which had not been identified previously using infrared observations with Spitzer because they lacked infrared emission from a surrounding disk.

To make a detailed study of the X-ray properties of young stars, a team of astronomers, led by Elaine Winston from the University of Exeter, analyzed both the Chandra X-ray data of NGC 1333, located about 780 light years from Earth, and of the Serpens cloud, a similar cluster of young stars about 1100 light years away. They then compared the two datasets with observations of the young stars in the Orion Nebula Cluster, perhaps the most-studied young star cluster in the Galaxy.”11

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Even if Republicans refuse to work with Democrats in the House of Representatives? It IS good to know that scientists from five different space observation organizations from five different locations around the United States all worked together to make this image an incredible image to behold, and an incredible image to hold-up as a testament to the potential of Americans working TOGETHER!

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NGC 2207 and IC 2163: Galactic Get-Together has Impressive Light Display

                            NGC 2207 and IC 2163: Galactic Get-Together has Impressive Light Display

(NGC 2207 and IC 2163: Galactic Get-Together has Impressive Light Display)

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Again, in the spirit of working together we see two galaxiesworking together to create an impressive light display! LOL, not really. It is an impressive light display, to be sure, but I am pretty darn sure that the inhabitants (f there are any) are not working together to collide their galaxies just for our entertainment! NGC-2207 and IC-2163 are, roughly, 100 million light-years away from our Earth. They are, both, spiral arm galaxies just like our Milky Way! They are in the process of colliding into each other, and making an incredible light display, in the process. The galaxy to the right, IC-2163, appears to be a much older galaxy. See how the arms are more spread out? How the lines of stars do not wrap around each other? Now, look to the galaxy to the left, NGC-2207. In this galaxy we can clearly see it is much younger. The arms are still wrapped tightly around the galactic center. The star, within the arms, are close and compact. It is a shame that these two celestial giants will meet their doom in a spectacular display of lights. Here is some more information from the scientists at NASA:

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Located about 130 million light years from Earth, in the constellation of Canis Major, this pair of spiral galaxies has been caught in a grazing encounter. NGC 2207 and IC 2163 have hosted three supernova explosions in the past 15 years and have produced one of the most bountiful collections of super bright X-raylights known. These special objects – known as “ultraluminous X-ray sources” (ULXs) – have been found using data from NASA’s Chandra X-ray Observatory.

As in our Milky Way galaxy, NGC 2207 and IC 2163 are sprinkled with many star systems known as X-ray binaries, which consist of a star in a tight orbit around either a neutron star or a “stellar-mass” black hole. The strong gravity of the neutron star or black hole pulls matter from the companion star. As this matter falls toward the neutron star or black hole, it is heated to millions of degrees and generates X-rays.

ULXs have far brighter X-rays than most “normal” X-ray binaries. The true nature of ULXs is still debated, but they are likely a peculiar type of X-ray binary. The black holes in some ULXs may be heavier than stellar mass black holes and could represent a hypothesized, but as yet unconfirmed, intermediate-mass category of black holes.

This composite image of NGC 2207 and IC 2163 contains Chandra data in pink, optical light data from the Hubble Space Telescope in red, green, and blue (appearing as blue, white, orange, and brown), and infrared data from the Spitzer Space Telescope in red.12

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That image is going to be hard to beat! However, don’t worry yourself too much, because I do believe that I have it beat (and still keeping the best for last, as always!) with this next image. So far, today, we have witnessed; gorging super-massive black holes, stellar sparklers that last, and two spiral arm galaxies in the process of colliding. Now, My Dear Shoevians, I have to share… … … (drum roll, please)… an ‘Exploded Star Blooms Like a Flower’! Check it out, and I will see you on the other side!

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G299.2-2.9: Exploded Star Blooms Like a Cosmic Flower

                                                G299.2-2.9: Exploded Star Blooms Like a Cosmic Flower

13(G299.2-2.9: Exploded Star Blooms Like a Cosmic Flower)

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WOOF! Sorry about my linguistic digress, but My Dear Shoevians, WOOF! This is an incredible image of a stellar phenomenon that, strangely, resembles a simple and basic feature of plant life here on Earth! Our cosmic explorations certainly do take us to places unknown, that appear to us as known! This star, G229.2-2.9, is only about 100,000 light-years from Earth. So close, and yet so far… in time, too! The explosion, that created this blossom-like cosmic array, happen (roughyl) 4,500 years ago, or about the time that the Egyptians were building their very first pyramids in the sands of Egypt. Now, My Dear Shoevians, this is not a nebula (the factory for stars), this is not the remnants of a galaxy. This is just the remnants of a exploded star! A star that went super-nova about 4,500 years ago and left us with a wondrous and incredible image to view, to enjoy and to learn from. Here is a bit more of the science from the good people at NASA:

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G299 was left over by a particular class of supernovas called Type Ia. Astronomers think that a Type Ia supernova is a thermonuclear explosion – involving the fusion of elements and release of vast amounts of energy – of a white dwarf star in a tight orbit with a companion star. If the white dwarf’s partner is a typical, Sun-like star, the white dwarf can become unstable and explode as it draws material from its companion. Alternatively, the white dwarf is in orbit with another white dwarf, the two may merge and can trigger an explosion.

Regardless of their triggering mechanism, Type Ia supernovas have long been known to be uniform in their extreme brightness, usually outshining the entire galaxy where they are found. This is important because scientists use these objects as cosmic mileposts, allowing them to accurately measure the distances of galaxies billions of light years away, and to determine the rate of expansion of the Universe.

Traditional theoretical models of Type Ia supernovas generally predict that these explosions would be symmetric, creating a near perfect sphere as they expand. These models have been supported by results showing that remnants of Type Ia supernovas are more symmetric than remnants of supernovas involving the collapse of massive stars.”14

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Well, My Dear Shoevians, I wasn’t going to mention this until the end of the article… but I just cannot wait. As of that last image credit, this edition of ‘Lost in Space’ qualifies of‘Gargantuan’ status by The Other Shoe publication rules! It is over a dozen pages in length (content, we are currently on page 18), and contains at least 14 footnotes. That was #14 footnote for the last image. Thankfully, I am nearly done with the writing of this article. It is 1:46AM and I am in horrific pain, and really need to get some rest… sleep. Now, for our nest-to-last image for the day. See you, My Dear Shoevians, on the other side!

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A Precocious Black Hole

                                                                                  A Precocious Black Hole

15(A Precocious Black Hole)

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Located 220 million light-years from our Milky Way Galaxy this black hole has grown too fast and too large for its host galaxy. The host galaxy is CID-947 and, as we can clearly see, this black hole is bursting out of the host galaxy. It makes for an incredible image, for our viewing pleasure, but calls into question many scientific beliefs about black holes and their relationship with their host galaxies. Shattering understanding is something that space and space exploration does on a regular basis. It is something that you, My Dear Shoevians, would have to get used to if you wanted to go into this field of scientific exploration. Now, as usual, let’s get some more information from the good people at NASA:

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Researchers have discovered a black hole that grew much more quickly than its host galaxy. The discovery calls into question previous assumptions on the development of galaxies.

The black hole was originally discovered using NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope, and was then detected in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey and by ESA’s XMM-Newton and NASA’s Chandra X-ray Observatory.

Benny Trakhtenbrot, from ETH Zurich’s Institute for Astronomy, and an international team of astrophysicists, performed a follow-up observation of this black hole using the 10 meter Keck telescope in Hawaii and were surprised by the results. The data, collected with a new instrument, revealed a giant black hole in an otherwise normal, distant galaxy, called CID-947. Because its light had to travel a very long distance, the scientists were observing it at a period when the universe was less than two billion years old, just 14 percent of its current age (almost 14 billion years have passed since the Big Bang).

An analysis of the data collected in Hawaii revealed that the black hole in CID-947, with nearly 7 billion solar masses, is among the most massive black holes discovered up to now. What surprised researchers in particular was not the black hole’s record mass, but rather the galaxy’s mass. “The measurements correspond to the mass of a typical galaxy,” says Trakhtenbrot, a postdoctoral fellow working within the Extragalactic Astrophysics research group…”16

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That, My Dear Shoevians, brings us to the final image of this ‘Gargantuan’ edition of ‘Lost in Space’. As usual, I have saved the best for last, just as planned and just as always. Let me take a moment here to say “Thank you!” for dropping by, today. Thank you for making The Other Shoe a place you come to read, look at incredible images and (maybe) learn a little. I always hope that you have enjoyed your visit, and that you tell others of your time spent here, so that they too can come and find a nice place to read and learn, and have fun! Now, for out final image(s) of this edition. I will ‘see’ you on the other side!

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IYL 2015: Chandra Celebrates The International Year of Light

                                           IYL 2015: Chandra Celebrates The International Year of Light

17(IYL 2015: Chandra Celebrates The International Year of Light)

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This is, actually, FIVE images in one place. I managed to copy the information for four of the images, and I will share that with all of you, My Dear Shoevians, below:

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Messier 51 (M51):
This galaxy, nicknamed the “Whirlpool,” is a spiral galaxy, like our Milky Way, located about 30 million light years from Earth. This composite image combines data collected at X-ray wavelengths by Chandra (purple), ultraviolet by the Galaxy Evolution Explorer (GALEX, blue); visible light by Hubble (green), and infrared by Spitzer (red).

SNR E0519-69.

SNR E0519-69.

SNR E0519-69.0:
When a massive star exploded in the Large Magellanic Cloud, a satellite galaxy to the Milky Way, it left behind an expanding shell of debris called SNR 0519-69.0. Here, multimillion degree gas is seen in X-rays from Chandra (blue). The outer edge of the explosion (red) and stars in the field of view are seen in visible light from Hubble.

 

 

MSH 11-62

MSH 11-62

MSH 11-62:
When X-rays, shown in blue, from Chandra and XMM-Newton are joined in this image with radio data from the Australia Telescope Compact Array (pink) and visible light data from the Digitized Sky Survey (DSS, yellow), a new view of the region emerges. This object, known as MSH 11-62, contains an inner nebula of charged particles that could be an outflow from the dense spinning core left behind when a massive star exploded.

 

Cygnus A

Cygnus A

Cygnus A:
This galaxy, at a distance of some 700 million light years, contains a giant bubble filled with hot, X-ray emitting gas detected by Chandra (blue). Radio data from the NSF’s Very Large Array (red) reveal “hot spots” about 300,000 light years out from the center of the galaxy where powerful jets emanating from the galaxy’s supermassive black hole end. Visible light data (yellow) from both Hubble and the DSS complete this view.

 

RCW 86

RCW 86

RCW 86:
This supernova remnant is the remains of an exploded star that may have been witnessed by Chinese astronomers almost 2,000 years ago. Modern telescopes have the advantage of observing this object in light that is completely invisible to the unaided human eye. This image combines X-rays from Chandra (pink and blue) along with visible emission from hydrogen atoms in the rim of the remnant, observed with the 0.9-m Curtis Schmidt telescope at the Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory (yellow).

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That brings us to 2AM… to my very end of tolerance to my pain, and to the time when I simply must get some rest for tomorrow. I will be unable to publish this article tonight, Tuesday August 25th, 2015. However, tomorrow is Wednesday and I will have this article published by 11AM to Noon Pacific time for everyone’s viewing pleasure. This really has been a‘Gargantuan’ edition of ‘Lost in Space’. Weighing in at over TWENTY pages in length, more than 16 footnotes and TEN (Really nine + 5) images for your viewing pleasure. I hope that this article has satisfied your yen for space images and science.

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As always, it has been my pleasure to bring these incredible images to you, My Dear Shoevians. If you have enjoyed yourself? All I ask is that you ‘Like’ and ‘Share’ this work with all your; family, friends, co-workers and acquaintances via your social media! You can find me on Facebook under The Other Shoe. There are four blog locations, each with a different theme, different ‘looks’ and a different way of presenting images and the like. I hope everyone has a great rest of the week, and I look forward to seeing you all again, right here, soon!

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Adieu!

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Thank YOU!

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Danny Hanning Writer, Editor, Research Staff and Publisher at The Other Shoe

             Danny Hanning Writer, Editor, Research Staff and Publisher at The Other Shoe

© 2010 – 2015 Hanning Web Wurx and The Other Shoe

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Lost in Space – Hubble – August 18th, 2015

The Eagle Nebula

The Eagle Nebula

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 (The Eagle Nebula)

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Welcome back My Dear Shoevians to The Other Shoe. First, My Dear Shoevians, I would like to share an apology. After several weeks of keeping up with writing and publishing, on a regular schedule, I have failed to meet this goal over the past several days. My health has taken a turn for the worse and I have been sleeping and resting for 12-18 hours each day. The pain in cervical spine has worsened greatly. At the same time, I have found myself nearly completely unable to; walk, use my left hand, and speak without stuttering greatly.

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I am falling, in side my home, frequently. When I go to work on an article of write, at all, I am greeted (within 10 minuets of sitting down behind the keyboard) with tremendous waves of painthat start in my neck and shoot down into my arms and hands. These waves of pain continue, and grow worse and worse, until I cannot think straight and must relent in my work. Once I have powered down my system, cleared the bed of work materials, and laid down completely prone I begin to find relief. Within thirty minuets of lying prone on my bed, the shooting pains begin to lessen, my neck relaxes and the waves of pain become less frequent.

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Honestly, My Dear Shoevians, I really do not know or understand why my pain and suffering has increased so. Do not understand why I am being, again, challenged to face up to my pain, ‘bite-the-bullet’ (so to speak) and work through the growing pain in an effort to keep my blog going (andgrowing). It has always been my ultimate goal to create a number of blogs that share; news, information, images and videos on subjects I enjoy most and that I feel are left-out of many/all mainstream media outlets. Just today, there was another ‘Bing/MSNBC/Pulse poll, on Donald Trump. They asked the question “Since Trump’s Appearance on Meet the Press, do you take him more seriously?”

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When the poll ended (at Noon Pacific time) it stood at: 6% NO (His appearance did NOT improve my opinion of Trump) vs 40% responding that YES it did improve their opinion of Trump. Another pollshowing that Donald Trump (and his efforts at garnering the Republican Nomination) meet withDISapproval my a majority of Americans! I find it to be gravely disingenuous (of MSNBC) to run these polls, and then (when they do NOT favor Trump) MSNBC just does NOT report the results! FYIFor more than an hour the poll actually stayed @ 64%-66% NOT “more seriously” to 36%-34% YES“more seriously”. Therefore, for a preponderance of the polling, and by a vast majority (of those polled) Donald J. Trump’s appearance this past Sunday (On ‘Meet the Press’) was just ‘more-of-the-same’, did NOT distinguish himself in a positive or even a Presidential fashion, and failed (#epicfail)at proving that he can give an interview that swayed any but his already enamored followers.

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Bing/MSNBC/Pulse Poll Showing 60% did NOT take him more seriously

Bing/MSNBC/Pulse Poll Showing 60% did NOT take him more seriously

(Bing/MSNBC/Pulse Poll Showing 60% did NOT take him more seriously)

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My Dear Shoevians, again, I really do apologize for my inability to continue to; research, download, upload, edit and publish (regularly) five to seven articles per week. That has alwaysbeen ‘My Goal’, and it has especially been my goal since I purchased and started my ‘Brand New’ and‘All-My-Own’ blog location. I did make a agreement (with my benefactor) that I would do my very best to establish and keep a “regular publishing schedule” to prove my appreciation for their generosity and support.

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Enough said. Now, My Dear Shoevians, I am going to share with all of you nearly two-dozen images from the Hubble Space Telescope. Whilst roaming the many web pages, of the NASA web site, a wandered into a huge collection of (what I feel to be) an incredible, awe-inspiring and wondrousimages from all around our galaxy and beyond. I cannot put into words the shear wonder that this one‘space telescope’ has brought to mankind. As well, it has provided a constant and incredible flow of breath-taking images and science. Each, and every, week My Dear Shoevians, I do my level best to bring as many of these incredible images to you via my blog(s).

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For our first image, of this edition of ‘Lost In Space – Hubble’ I am taking you to a “galaxy far, far away”. The galaxy is located in the constellation of Draco and has the designation ‘NGC-6503’. It spans some 30,000 light-years (about 1/3 the size of our own Milky Way Galaxy) and finds itself in a very unique place in space. For you see, My Dear Shoevians, that NGC-6503 is a very lonely galaxy! 18 million light-years from our home, it sits just on the other side of a strangely empty patch of space known as ‘The Local Void’!

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‘The Local Void’ is a stretch of space that measures, at least, 150 million light-years across. It appears to be completely devoid of; stars, planets, or any galaxies! This is a very unique region of space, and one that (to this days) remains without explanation. However, today’s image is of theclosest galaxy to ‘The Local Void’ and has gained the name the “Lost in Space Galaxy” by Stephen James O’Meara in his 2007 book ‘Hidden Treasures’! So, My Dear Shoevians, here we have ‘The LOST in SPACE Galaxy’ the last signpost of ‘The Local Void’! (FYI – Can you guess just WHY I would pick a galaxy names the LOST IN SPACE galaxy to appear in an article series… named… … … ‘Lost in Space’?) 

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The ‘Lost in Space’ Galaxy as Seen by Hubble

The ‘Lost in Space’ Galaxy as Seen by Hubble

[1]

(The ‘Lost in Space’ Galaxy as Seen by Hubble)

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Now, My Dearest Readers, I will do my best to keep giving you the most; information, location, and background for all the images I have to present here today. However, some images might come with less or even less information. Thank you for your understanding of my health situation, and your support as Shoevians! Thank you!

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Coming a little closer to home, just 48 million light-years from us here in the Milky Way Galaxy, we find the galaxy NGC-428. NGC-428 lies in the constellation of Cetus (The Sea Monster) and is aspiral-arm galaxy just like our own. As can be seen, in the image below, the galaxy NGC-428 is quitedistorted and warped. It is thought that this is the case due to a collision between two galaxies!

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“There also appears to be a substantial amount of star formation occurring within NGC 428 — another telltale sign of a merger. When galaxies collide their clouds of gas can merge, creating intense shocks and hot pockets of gas, and often triggering new waves of star formation.

NGC 428 was discovered by William Herschel in December 1786. More recently a type of supernova designated SN2013ct was discovered within the galaxy by Stuart Parker of the BOSS (Backyard Observatory Supernova Search) project in Australia and New Zealand, although it is unfortunately not visible in this image.”[2]

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NGC-428 ‘Mess of Stars’

NGC-428 ‘Mess of Stars’

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(NGC-428 ‘Mess of Stars’)

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Now no edition of ‘Lost in Space’ or ‘The Mars Report’ would be complete without sharing some‘brand new science’! Our next image, My Dear Shoevians, falls into that category of images. Taken by the Hubble Space Telescope, a team of astronomers used this image to establish a direct linkbetween “supermassive black holes that power high-speed, radio emitting jets” and “a history ofmerger with other galaxies”. This is real science in the stage of discovery! While I enjoy writing, and think I am pretty darn good at taking astronomy and presenting it in a way it is understandable tomost? I am going to share a quote of the science involved… then the incredible image that caught my eye!

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“A team of astronomers using the Hubble Space Telescope found an unambiguous link between the presence of supermassive black holes that power high-speed, radio-signal-emitting jets and the merger history of their host galaxies. Almost all galaxies with the jets were found to be merging with another galaxy, or to have done so recently.

The team studied a large selection of galaxies with extremely luminous centers — known as active galactic nuclei — thought to be the result of large quantities of heated matter circling around and being consumed by a supermassive black hole. While most galaxies are thought to host supermassive black holes, only a small percentage of them are this luminous and fewer still go one step further and form what are known as relativistic jets. The two high-speed jets of plasma move almost at the speed of light and stream out in opposite directions at right angles to the disc of matter surrounding the black hole, extending thousands of light-years into space.

Future observations could expand the survey set even further and continue to shed light on these complex and powerful processes.”[4]

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Hubble Survey Confirms Link Between Mergers and Supermassive Black Holes with Relativistic Jets

Hubble Survey Confirms Link Between Mergers and Supermassive Black Holes with Relativistic Jets

(Hubble Survey Confirms Link Between Mergers and Supermassive Black Holes with Relativistic Jets)

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The subject of our next image resides within the constellation of Dorado (The Swordfish). This is alittle-known galaxy with the all-to-long-name of ‘J04542829-6625280’. Also known as ‘LEDA-89996’ it is s classic example of another ‘Spiral-Arm Galaxy’ (the same as our very own ‘Milky Way Galaxy’). So close, to our own Milky Way galaxy, Leda 89996 appears to be very close to the ‘Large Magnetic Cloud’ – one of the satellite galaxies of our ‘Milky Way’. Some areas of this image appear to be out of focus, even blurry. Actually, these areas are full of dusts and gases the building blocksof future suns.

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Hubble Looks at Stunning Spiral-Arm Galaxy

Hubble Looks at Stunning Spiral-Arm Galaxy

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(Hubble Looks at Stunning Spiral-Arm Galaxy)

 

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Now, My Dear Shoevians, we are going to ‘knock-it-up-a-notch’ with out next image for this edition of ‘Lost in Space’. This image captures two galaxies locked in a mortal embrace. The galaxies are known as NGC 4038 and NGC 4039. These once normal sedate galaxies, much like our own Milky Way, have spent the last few million years in a galactic-sparring-match the likes of which mankind has never witnessed before. This galactic encounter is so violent that stars have been ripped from the host galaxies and torn into a streaming arch between the two galaxies. From the article that explained this image:

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“This new image of the Antennae Galaxies shows obvious signs of chaos. Clouds of gas are seen in bright pink and red, surrounding the bright flashes of blue star-forming regions — some of which are partially obscured by dark patches of dust. The rate of star formation is so high that the Antennae Galaxies are said to be in a state of starburst, a period in which all of the gas within the galaxies is being used to form stars. This cannot last forever and neither can the separate galaxies; eventually the nuclei will coalesce, and the galaxies will begin their retirement together as one large elliptical galaxy.”

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NASA Hubble Sees Sparring Antennae Galaxies - NGC 4038 & NGC 4039

NASA Hubble Sees Sparring Antennae Galaxies – NGC 4038 & NGC 4039

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(NASA Hubble Sees Sparring Antennae Galaxies)

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Now, we move away from sparring galaxies and on to my most favorite subject for galactic images…nebula. The wallpaper for my cell phone is the ‘Horse Head Nebula’. These hot glowing clouds of gas are the birthplace of our stars. This nebula is located in the constellation of Sagittarius. Intense winds from hot stars, churning funnels of gas all work together to form an intricate haze of gas and pitch dark black dust. I picked this image because I thought it would make a great wallpaper, I as right! FYI My Dear Shoevians, if at any time you enjoy an image you see in, either, ‘Lost in Space’or ‘The Mars Report’ and you would like to use said image? Just click on the image, and it should take you to a separate page where the image appears in its original HD form. Not all of my blog locations do this. I know that my all new location (http://theothershoe.co) does… and Word Press (www.theothersshoe.wordpress.com) but check it out and click on the image. Secondary to that? You can just follow the footnote to the bottom of the article. There you can click on the link to the original source for the image, and get the HD version of the image you want. These stellar images domake for great desktops and wallpapers. Now for ‘Stormy Seas in Sagittarius’.

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Stormy Seas in Sagittarius - The Lagoon Nebula

Stormy Seas in Sagittarius – The Lagoon Nebula

[7]

(Stormy Seas in Sagittarius)

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Staying in the constellation of Sagittarius (The Archer), we move from one type of nebula, to another. This image is of a ‘Planetary Nebula’ designated NGC-6818. Only a mere 6,000 light-years from our own Milky Way, this nebula is actually a sun in retirement. When a sun, like our own sun Sol, comes to the end of its life span (retirement) they shed their outer layers into space to create glowing gas clouds called planetary nebula. This ejection of mass and energy can be unevenand, as shown in this image, have very complex structures. You can clearly see the knotty “filament-like” structures, and the distinct layers of material. There is a very bright center, surrounded by slower moving clouds of gas and dust. Giving us the illusion of a gem hanging in space.

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Hubble Finds a Little Gem - NGC 6818

Hubble Finds a Little Gem – NGC 6818

[8]

(Hubble Finds a Little Gem – NGC 6818)

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Now moving away from our Milky Way galaxy, as a matter of fact moving 15 million light-years away. We come to the barred Spiral galaxy M83. Known as the ‘Southern Pinwheel’ it is located in the constellation of Hydra. The ‘Southern Pinwheel’ contains an unknown number of; stars, planets, and supernovae and stretches across 50,000 light-years. This image is being used by the citizen project titled ‘Star Date M83’whose primary goal is to estimate the ages for the approximately 3,000 star clusters. I was just taken aback by the; size, clarity, depth of field, density and contrast of this image.

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Hubble Views Stellar Genesis in the Southern Pinwheel

Hubble Views Stellar Genesis in the Southern Pinwheel

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(Hubble Views Stellar Genesis in the Southern Pinwheel)

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For our next image I have found a galaxy in a ‘tug-of-war’ with another passing galaxy. A mere 100 million light-years from earth (in the constellation of Pisces) the galaxy NGC-7714 is in a galactic struggle with NGC-7715. In this image you can clearly see that this galaxy is being pulled inside outby the passing NGC-7715. The galaxy is distorted by the gravitational tug-o’-war much like taffy-pulling’ We cannot see the other galaxy, NGC-7715, as it is just outside the frame of this image. This galactic battle began about 100 million to 200 million years ago, about the time when dinosaurs roamed the earth.

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Hubble Spies a Loopy Galaxy - NGC 7714

Hubble Spies a Loopy Galaxy – NGC 7714

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(Hubble Spies a Loopy Galaxy)

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Our next image come form another Barred Spiral Galaxy known as NGC-986. First discovered ion 1828 by the Scottish astronomer James Dunlop. This image was taken by Hubble’s Wide Field and Planetary Camera 2. Found in the constellation of Fornax (The Furnace) located in the southern sky. The galaxy is very bright a 11th magnitude galaxy situated a mere 56 million light-years from Earth.

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Hubble Sees a Spiral in a Furnace - NGC 986

Hubble Sees a Spiral in a Furnace – NGC 986

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(Hubble Sees a Spiral in a Furnace)

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Well, My Dear Shoevians, that brings us to the end of this article and to our very last image of the day. Thing is? This is my 13th image in an article that will be 17 pages long. That genuinely qualifiesthis edition of ‘Lost in Space’ as a “Gargantuan” edition of this storied series. I am always a littlethrilled when I manage to hit that mark, and happy that I have worked hard to provide all of you, My Dearest Shoevians, with the most images and descriptions possible. Now, on with the remainder of the show!

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Our final image is of a ‘Galaxy with a Glowing Heart’. That was the caption for the image, and I am not going to change it at all! Getting even closer, back to home here in the Milky Way, we find ourselves just 32 million light-years away from Earth. Located in the constellation of Dorado NGC-1433 is a spiral galaxy, but a quite rare type of spiral galaxy. Known as a as a Seyfert galaxy they are only about one in ten of the known galaxies. They have very bright luminous centers which compare to the entire brightness of our Milky Way!  The core of this galaxy is being studied by LEGUS (Legacy ExtraGalatic UV Survery). Here is a quote from the article for the image.

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“Galaxy cores are of great interest to astronomers. The centers of most, if not all, galaxies are thought to contain a supermassive black hole, surrounded by a disk of in-falling material.

NGC 1433 is being studied as part of a survey of 50 nearby galaxies known as the Legacy ExtraGalactic UV Survey (LEGUS). Ultraviolet radiation is observed from galaxies, mainly tracing the most recently formed stars. In Seyfert galaxies, ultraviolet light is also thought to emanate from the accretion discs around their central black holes. Studying these galaxies in the ultraviolet part of the spectrum is incredibly useful to study how the gas is behaving near the black hole. This image was obtained using a mix of ultraviolet, visible, and infrared light.”[12]

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That brings us to the image, itself. I am thinking I might just drop-in some images at the end of the article. I am just fighting hard through the pain… I wanted, so much, to cover all the images I have picked. Share the information and any science and discoveries. However, I am just not going to be able to accomplish that task, and get this article published any time soon. Here is ‘Hubble Sees a Galaxy with a Glowing Heart’!

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Hubble Sees a Galaxy With a Glowing Heart - NGC 1433

Hubble Sees a Galaxy With a Glowing Heart – NGC 1433

[13]

(Hubble Sees a Galaxy With a Glowing Heart)

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Well, I just couldn’t do it… leave without trying to present all the images I hand-picked for you, My Dear Shoevians. Although my hands are making each and every word a difficult task, and my mind is flooded with pain messages, I will persevere! Now, we come really close to HOME! We move into just THIRTEEN (13) million miles away to one of the closest groups of galaxies to ‘The Local Group’(The Local Group contains US-The Milky Way and the Magellanic Clouds). In the constellation ofSculptor the galaxy of NGC-7793 is the subject of our next image. This image shows NGC-7793’sspiral arms and a central bulge. This galaxy does not have a pronounced spiral shape and is further muddled by the mottled pattern of dark dust that stretches across the frame. From the article that accompanied this image.

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“Although it may look serene and beautiful from our perspective, this galaxy is actually a very dramatic and violent place. Astronomers have discovered a powerful micro-quasar within NGC 7793 — a system containing a black hole actively feeding on material from a companion star. A micro-quasar is an object that has some of the properties of quasars in miniature. While many full-sized quasars are known at the cores of other galaxies, it is unusual to find a quasar in a galaxy’s disk rather than at its center.

Micro-quasars are almost like scale models — they allow astronomers to study quasars in detail. As material falls inwards towards this black hole, it creates a swirling disk around it. Some of the infalling gas is propelled violently outwards at extremely high speeds, creating jets streaking out into space in opposite directions. In the case of NGC 7793, these jets are incredibly powerful, and are in the process of creating an expanding bubble of hot gas some 1,000 light-years across.”[14]

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Now, for the image itself!

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Hubble Finds Jets and Explosions in NGC 7793

Hubble Finds Jets and Explosions in NGC 7793

[15]

(Hubble Finds Jets and Explosions in NGC 7793)

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This is truly the end, My Dear Shoevians. I found the next image, while researching and documenting the others, and cannot find the image credit. Please forgive!

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The Milky Way as Seen from Earth

The Milky Way as Seen from Earth

(The Milky Way as Seen from Earth)

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That brings us to the end of this edition of ‘Lost in Space’. I do hope that you have enjoyed your time spent here, today. As always, if you have enjoyed the images, perhaps gained some knowledge from the content, and generally had an enjoyable stay? Please, ‘Like’ and ‘Share’ this article via all your social media. This way all your; family, friends, co-workers and acquaintances can too enjoy and learn. What better way to say you care than to share something that you enjoyed?

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I will be back, later this week, once I have something more to share… and my pain is back down to a manageable level. Have a great and productive week.

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Adieu!

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Thank you!

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Danny Hanning Writer, Editor, Research Staff and Publisher at The Other Shoe

Danny Hanning Writer, Editor, Research Staff and Publisher at The Other Shoe

© 2010 – 2015 Hanning Web Wurx and The Other Shoe 

 


Bing Pulse – Is Trump’s Antics Helping our Harming GOP? Results in Article

According to today’s Bing Pulse survey, held each day at 1PM Eastern, the media has it all wrong about Trump and his antics! Today, during the Thomas Robert’s show, MSNBC help a live poll, here was the question: “Is Donald Trump’s blunt rhetoric helping or hurting the GOP?”

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The answer may well surprise you, the American people and the American media outlets. The answer is below!”

Bing Pulse.

Welcome back My Dear Shoevians to The Other ShoeToday may well mark a change in just how Americans and the American media view the caustic antics of one Donald J. Trump. At least, one would hope that this poll’s results would garner notice and gain weight in our Presidential Primary. I know, for a fact, My Dear Shoevians, that I took notice and decided to push aside my regularly scheduled article to feature these results. First, in an effort to be truthful and forthright to all of you, My Dear Shoevians, did take part in this survey. However, I seriously doubt that my one vote shifted the results in any substantive fashion.

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This poll was taken via Bing Pulse during the hour broadcast of the ‘Live with Thomas Roberts’ on MSNBC. I cannot get the breakdown of the survey. How many people, how it broke down according to party, and total number of votes. However, the ending vote was quite clear and speaks volumes! At the beginning of the hour the poll was heavily leaning towards “Helpful”, meaning that the voters thought the caustic antics of one Donald J. Trump was “Helping” the GOP brand. Curious and curiouser, I thought to myself because the vat majority of people I have conversations with thought quite the opposite! 

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As the hour progressed so did the voting. I was watching the show on TV, and the voting trend on my PC. A most amazing this began to happen. After the announcement, on air, that the vote broke down 75% Helping to 25% Harming I began to see much more activity. As the activity grew, and the number of Americans voting, a drastic shift began to appear. This shift is the reason for this article today, and Why I believe that American Media are getting it wrong about Trump!

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As the hour moved on, so happened a drastic shift in the voting pattern. With every passing minuet the poll shifted from a majority thinking Donald Trump’s caustic antics were “Helpful to the GOP” to vast majority not voting that Donald Trump’s caustic antics were actually “Harmful to the GOP”I watched and watched as the numbers greatly shifted in just a matter of less than an hour! By the end of the show, and the hour long polling period, a drastic shift was not a reality. 

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At the end of it all, and all the votes were counted and tabulated, the final numbers did appear. On the question “Is Donald Trump’s blunt rhetoric helping or hurting the GOP?” the numbers told my story: 66% voted that it HARMS the GOP and 34% voted it was helpful! Oy Vey! That is quite change from the top of the hour, and the beginning of the polling. However, the American public have spoken! This is my ‘Take-Away’! Regardless of the (sic) love affair the media outlets have for one Donald J. Trump? The AMERICAN PEOPLE strongly agree that his caustic (and self-aggrandizing) antics are HARMFUL to the GOP! 

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Donald Trump Defends "Blood" Comments

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Now, the question remains, “Will American Media Outlets CHANGE?” I am not hopeful in that it appears that a majority of the sick individuals in American that enjoy these caustic antics (and ‘Reality TV) are the ‘Target Demographic’ of American Media Outlets. That these ‘news’ agencies are merely tools of their corporate executives and all are really just whores. Whores for attention. Whores for ratings, just like Donald J. Trump. Because, if we have proved nothing, today, we have proved that Donald J. Trump is a Media Whore and will keep up his caustic antics harming the GOP in the process.

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The vast majority of American know that Donald J. Trump (Media Whore Exceptional) will never cal 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue his home. Never in a million years. However, for the next many months we, the American people, will have to endure his caustic antics while our nation’s media outlets play to the whore. 

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Adieu!

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Thank you!

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Danny Hanning Writer, Editor, Research Staff and Publisher at The Other Shoe

 

© 2010 – 2015 Hanning Web Wurx and The Other Shoe

The Mars Report – August 3rd, 2015

Banner for Article

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Welcome back My Dear Shoevians to The Other Shoe. And, welcome to an abbreviated edition of‘The Mars Report’. This week, well, there just isn’t than many new images (yet) from the; Curiosity Rover, Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, and MARVEN. Our first image, at the top of the page, is anall new ‘Banner’ image I ‘borrowed’ from the NASA/JPL web site. Thought it might look nice, and add to the article as a whole. Let’s see if I get ‘sued’ for using it.

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The image is of the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter that currently obits the Martian surface. This orbiter has provided all of you, My Dear Shoevians, with some spectacular images, one of which will appear right here today. Since its landing the Curiosity rover is tracked by this orbiter, and on more than one occasion I have shared an image, taken by this orbiter, of the Curiosity rover on the Martian surface.

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Now, for our first image of this article, I mentioned that this is a shortened version of this article series, due to my commitments this week. As I promised this image was taken by the Compact Reconnaissance Imaging Spectrometer for Mars (CRISM) on NASA’s Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter. The orbiter, Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO), has detected deposits of glass within impact craters on Mars. The deposits are shown, in the image, as green colored.

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NASA Spacecraft Detects Impact Glass on Surface of Mars

NASA Spacecraft Detects Impact Glass on Surface of Mars

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(NASA Spacecraft Detects Impact Glass on Surface of Mars)

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Now the interesting fact about this glass, and the reason that I have shared this image here today, is what is found in this ice.

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During the past few years, research has shown evidence about past life has been preserved in impact glass here on Earth. A 2014 study led by scientist Peter Schultz of Brown University in Providence, Rhode Island, found organic molecules and plant matter entombed in glass formed by an impact that occurred millions of years ago in Argentina. Schultz suggested that similar processes might preserve signs of life on Mars, if they were present at the time of an impact.[2]

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Like the “dino-DNA.. trapped in amber” (a la ‘Jurassic Park #1) this ice on the Martian surface could (easily) have trapped life forms from the surface at the time of impact. This give scientists are realopportunity to find out ‘was there life forms on Mars, before…?’. I am sure that the scientists, at NASA/JPL, have already put in their requests that future Martian landers make one of these sites a‘Must Visit’ site. The possibilities are astounding and limitless.

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I have to tell you, My Dear Shoevians, this article may be short but images, like this one, are thereason that I write and publish this article series. The possibilities that come, when we explore our own solar system, are genuinely limitless. For as long as I breath air with these lungs, I will push my government and elected leaders to keep funding… advance funding for space exploration. With the challenge of ‘Climate Change’ becoming more and more evident every single day. Mankind mustrealize that the earth was our cradle, but it was never meant to be our grave.

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Frosty Gullies on the Northern Plains of Mars

Frosty Gullies on the Northern Plains of Mars

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(Frosty Gullies on the Northern Plains of Mars)

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Now, My Dear Shoevians, what we see before us (above) is large gullies of ice crystals on the Martian surface. Just like snow, here on Earth, ice forms during the winter months on the Martian surface. The biggest difference between the ice, here on Earth, to the ice formed on the Martian surface is composition. Here on Earth ice is formed by freezing H2O, whereas on the Martian surface it comes from frozen Co2 (Carbon Dioxide). Creating Dry Ice. Now the temperature that Co2  freezes is at -80.5 C (-113F ). That is some seriously cold air. You can rule out taking a Christmas Ride to Grandma’s in an Open Sleigh during a Martian winter! The image, acquired on April 11, 2015, by theHigh Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE) camera on NASA’s Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, shows frost in gully alcoves in a crater on the Northern plains.

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NASA Mars Orbiter Preparing for Mars Lander's 2016 Arrival

NASA Mars Orbiter Preparing for Mars Lander’s 2016 Arrival

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(NASA Mars Orbiter Preparing for Mars Lander’s 2016 Arrival)

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There she is, the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (well, an Artist’s Rendering). On July 29th, 2015 NASA’s Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter successfully completed a maneuver to put the spacecraft in the right place on Sept. 28, 2016, for supporting arrival of the InSight Mars lander mission. This is the, previously featured here at The Other Shoe[5], ‘Insight Martian Lander’. ‘Insight’ is set to land, on the Martian surface, on September 28th, 2016 (right before our Presidential election, FYI).

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InSight spacecraft solar array deployment

InSight spacecraft solar array deployment

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(InSight spacecraft solar array deployment)

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Which brings us, My Dear Shoevians, to the final image of the day, for this edition of ‘The Mars Report’.  For the very first time mankind has more orbiting objects circling Mars. The image, below, shows the flight paths of the five orbiters must be carefully monitored. Last year’s addition of two new spacecraft orbiting Mars brought the census of active Mars orbiters to five, the most ever. They are; NASA’s Mars Atmosphere and Volatile Evolution (MAVEN) and India’s Mars Orbiter Missionjoined the 2003 Mars Express from ESA (the European Space Agency) and two from NASA: the 2001 Mars Odyssey and the 2006 Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO).

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Traffic Around Mars Gets Busy!

Traffic Around Mars Gets Busy!

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(Traffic Around Mars Gets Busy!)

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“It’s not just the total number that matters, but also the types of orbits missions use for achieving their science goals. MAVEN, which reached Mars on Sept. 21, 2014, studies the upper atmosphere. It flies an elongated orbit, sometimes farther from Mars than NASA’s other orbiters and sometimes closer to Mars, so it crosses altitudes occupied by those orbiters. For safety, NASA also monitors positions of ESA’s and India’s orbiters, which both fly elongated orbits.[8]

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That brings us, My Dear Shoevians, to the end of another edition of ‘The Mars Report’. As always, I hope that you have enjoyed your time spent here, today. If you have, Please be sure to ‘Like’ and‘Share’ this article with all your social media. That way all of your; family, friends, and Facebook friends can enjoy this work, too. I will be off, tomorrow (August 4th 2015) for a ‘Journey to L.A.’!

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Yes, it is that time again, where I make the 13 hour round trip to Rolling Hills Estates to see my primary/coordinating Care Physician. Once I have recovered from that adventure, I will be backright here providing you, My Dear Shoevians, with more and more articles to read and ENJOY!

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Adieu!

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Thank you!

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Danny Hanning Writer, Editor, Research Staff and Publisher at The Other Shoe

Danny Hanning Writer, Editor, Research Staff and Publisher at The Other Shoe

© 2010 – 2015 Hanning Web Wurx and The Other Shoe


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