Lost in Space – September 3rd, 2105 – Chandra II

A 400 by 900 Light-Year Mosaic the Constellation Sagittarius

                    ‘A 400 by 900 Light-Year Mosaic the Constellation Sagittarius’ 

1(Galactic Center – Milky Way Galaxy)

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Welcome back My Dear Shoevians to The Other Shoe and another Chandra edition of ‘Lost in Space’. I was so taken with the images I found, and shared, from the Chandra X-Ray Telescope that I have decided to revisit this platform and share even more of the incredible and memorable images that NASA has captured. Now, My Dear Shoevians, realize that the images that I am sharing, in this edition as well as the first (and any more to come) that I say come from Chandra? Well, they are composite images. They are composites made from images from; Chandra2, the Hubble3 telescope and Spitzer4 telescope. That means that each and every image, you see here today, was accomplished by (at least) three teams of scientists and visual specialists working in conjunction to produce images containing an; x-ray images, an optical image and infrared image.

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We begin, today, with the image at the top of the page. This is one of the closest images, to date, of the very center of our Milky Way Galaxy. This is a mosaic of images focusing from between 400 light-years and 900 light-years near the constellation Sagittarius. This image reveals hundreds of white dwarf stars, neutron stars, and black holes bathed in an incandescent fog of multimillion-degree gas. It gives us, all, a new perspective on how the turbulent Galactic Center region affects the evolution of the galaxy as a whole. Looking at the very center of this image, you can see a white patch. At the very center of this white patch is a supermassive black hole. It is believed that most galaxies have a black hole (or supermassive black hole) at their center. The colors, in this image, indicate the X-Ray energy bands. They breakdown as; red=Low, green=medium and blue= high. The outflow of gases, from the Galactic Center region, which has been enriched by the frequent destruction of stars nourishes the galactic suburbs like Earth.

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Centaurus A: Black Hole Outflows From Centaurus A

                                Centaurus A: Black Hole Outflows From Centaurus A

5(Centaurus A: Black Hole Outflows From Centaurus A)

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For our next image, of this edition of ‘Lost in Space’, I have a spectacular composite image of a Black Hole (and the outflow) at Centaurus A. This is another “Supermassive Black Hole”and we can clearly see the outflow as jets and lobes of galactic material. This image is a composite of orange colors from the Atacama Pathfinder Experiment (APEX) telescope in Chile and blue colors from the Chandra X-Ray telescope. The x-ray jet, in the upper left hand corner, extends about 13,000 light-years away from the black hole. As well, the APEX telescope image shows that the material is jetting from the black hole at about half the speed of light! Using one of more of these space telescopes focusing at the same point in space gives us, not only, the most incredible visual image(s), it also allows scientists to garner the most information and the best comparative studies possible.

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Crab Nebula: The Crab Nebula: A Cosmic Icon

                                    Crab Nebula: The Crab Nebula: A Cosmic Icon

6(Crab Nebula: The Crab Nebula: A Cosmic Icon)

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Here, on Earth, the year was 1054AD. The place, was the constellation Taurus. The event was a death of a star, a supernova. It is now known as The Crab Nebula’. Now 1,000 years later we are just beginning to unlock the many secrets of this resulting Neutron Star. The image, above, is a composite from three different imaging sources; the Chandra X-Ray telescope, the Hubble Space Telescope and the Spitzer Infrared Space Telescope. Combing the imaging capabilities of these three space telescopes has unlocked many mysteries that this Crab Nebula has jealously guarded for the past thousand years. The Chandra image is shown in blue, the the Hubble’s image(s) are shown in red and yellow and the Spitzerimage is shown in purple. The combination of these three imaging sources as given mankind unique insight to the inner workings of this icon of the sky. The information from the Chandraimages shows this nebula as mighty cosmic “generator,” which is producing energy at the rate of 100,000 suns. The Crab Nebula is one of the most studied objects in the night sky, making this 1,000 year old neutron star a cosmic icon in the sky!

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Cepheus B: Trigger-Happy Star Formation

                                           Cepheus B: Trigger-Happy Star Formation

7(Cepheus B: Trigger-Happy Star Formation)

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Our next image, above, is of Cepheus B. Cepheus B is a mere 2,400 light-years away from Earth and is in the Milky Way Galaxy. NASA used, both, Chandra and Spitzer to analyze this gas/dust cloud to discover that this cloud is made up of molecular hydrogen and dust. Dust and hydrogen left over from the creation of our galaxy! Let us breakdown this image into its component parts. Our image is broken down as; Spitzer data is shown in red, green and blue and shows the molecular cloud (in the bottom part of the image) plus young stars in and around Cepheus B. Now, the Chandra data is shown in violet, and shows the young stars in the field. The Chandra observations allowed scientists to pick out the young stars within and near Cepheus B, they were identified by their strong x-ray emissions. On the other hand the Spitzer data showed whether the (visible) stars has so-called ‘protoplanetary’ disc(s)around them as such discs only exist in very young star systems. Ones where planets are still forming, so their presence is an indication of the age of a star system.

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Tycho's Supernova Remnant A New View of Tycho's Supernova Remnant

               Tycho’s Supernova Remnant A New View of Tycho’s Supernova Remnant

8(Tycho’s Supernova Remnant A New View of Tycho’s Supernova Remnant)

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Above, My Dear Shoevians, I have the most recent image of the Tycho’s Supernova Remnant. Also known as SN 1572 is located in the constellation Cassiopeia. The appearance of SN 1572, in the Milky Way Galaxy, was one of just eight supernova’s sighted just by the naked eye in November 1572 and is/was one of the most important observation events in the history of astronomy .The appearance of this supernova pushed mankind to develop and produce better astrometric star catalogues. As well, in the Ming dynasty China, the star became an issue between Zhang Juzheng and the young Wanli Emperor: in accordance to the cosmological tradition, the emperor was warned to consider his misbehavior, since the new star was interpreted as an evil omen. This was the very beginning of the west seeing stars as science, whereas the east still associated the stars with dogma and superstition. This image is a composite image made from observations from the Chandra X-Ray telescope and the Calar Alto observatory, in Spain. The, initial, explosion has left a blazing hot cloud of expanding debris (yellow and green) that is visible in x-rays.

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Galactic Center NASA's Great Observatories Examine the Galactic Center Region

   Galactic Center NASA’s Great Observatories Examine the Galactic Center Region

9(Galactic Center NASA’s Great Observatories Examine the Galactic Center Region)

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Our next image, My Dear Shoevians, was taken as a part of the celebration of the International Year of Astronomy 2009 . It was one of the first really coordinated efforts between threeof NASA’s Great Observatories; the Hubble Space Telescope10, the Spitzer Space Telescope11, and the Chandra X-ray Observatory12.Their efforts were rewarded with thecollaboration to produce the single most unprecedented image of the central region of our Milky Way galaxy. This image became one of the most admired, awarded and memorable of the entire celebration and gave NASA, and America, greater standing in the international astronomical society. This was a huge boon for NASA, America and our American Know-How. The observations by the Chandra X-Ray telescope to see through the obscuring dust and reveal the intense activity near the galactic core. Note that the center of the galaxy is located within the bright white region to the right of and just below the middle of the image. Below is a breakdown of the contribution(s) of each platform in the production of this historic image.

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Each telescope’s contribution is presented in a different color:

  • Yellow represents the near-infrared observations of Hubble. They outline the energetic regions where stars are being born as well as reveal hundreds of thousands of stars.
  • Red represents the infrared observations of Spitzer. The radiation and winds from stars create glowing dust clouds that exhibit complex structures from compact, spherical globules to long, stringy filaments.
  • Blue and violet represents the X-ray observations of Chandra. X-rays are emitted by gas heated to millions of degrees by stellar explosions and by outflows from thesupermassive black hole in the galaxy’s center. The bright blue blob on the left side of the full field imageis emission from a double star system containing either a neutron star or a black hole.

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NGC 6872 Galaxy Collision Switches on Black Hole

                                   NGC 6872 Galaxy Collision Switches on Black Hole

13(NGC 6872 Galaxy Collision Switches on Black Hole)

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OK… My Dear Shoevians, it is not the end of the article but one might think so with the sharing of this particular image. Above, we see the collisionof two galaxies. They are NGC 6872and IC 4970. IC 4970 is the smaller galaxy at the top of the image. Again, this image was created by using the capabilities of three telescopes. However, this time the capabilities and telescopes involved were: X-ray data from NASA’s Chandra X-ray Observatory is shown in purple, while Spitzer Space Telescope’s infrared data is red and finally the optical data comes from the ESO’s Very Large Telescope (VLT) is colored red, green and blue. Since the initial discovery of this collision, scientists have been baffled at where wasthe galaxy IC 4970 getting energy from? Thanks to Chandra and Spitzer data, IC 4970 is shown to contain an active supermassive black hole that got its fuel supply by stripping cold gas from NGC 6872and is using it to feed its growing black hole. Without Spitzer and Chandra this would still be a deep mystery!

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E0102-72.3 Adding a New Dimension to an Old Explosion

                             E0102-72.3 Adding a New Dimension to an Old Explosion

14(E0102-72.3 Adding a New Dimension to an Old Explosion)

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For our next image, My Dear Shoevians, we have an explosion remnantknown as supernova remnant 1E 0102.2-7219, or “E0102” for short. E0102 is the debris of a very massive star that exploded in the neighboring galaxy known as the ‘Small Magellanic Cloud’.Chandra first looked at this object nearly ten years ago, just months after the telescope was launched in 1999. E0102 is located about 190,000 light years away in the Small Magellanic Cloud, one of the nearest galaxies to the Milky Way. It was created when a star that was much more massive than the Sun exploded, an event that would have been visible from the Southern Hemisphere of the Earth over 1000 years ago. In this latest image of E0102, the lowest-energy X-rays are colored orange, the intermediate range of X-rays is cyan, and the highest-energy X-rays Chandra detected are blue. An optical image from the Hubble Space Telescope (in red, green and blue) shows additional structure in the remnant and also reveals foreground stars in the field.

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M101 A Spectacular Image to Celebrate IYA2009

                                     M101 A Spectacular Image to Celebrate IYA2009

15(M101 A Spectacular Image to Celebrate IYA2009)

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Above, My Dear Shoevians, you see a dynamic image of the spiral galaxy M101 also known as M101. M101 is a face-on spiral galaxy located about 22 million light-years from our Milky Way Galaxy in the constellation Ursa Major. It is very similar to our Milky Way in many respects, except it is much larger. Once again this image is a composite of data fromNASA’sChandra X-ray Observatory, the Hubble Space Telescope, and the Spitzer Space Telescope. The colors correspond to the following wavelengths: The X-rays detected byChandra are colored blue. Sources of X-rays include million-degree gas, the debris from exploded stars, and material zooming around black holes and neutron stars. The red color showsSpitzer’s view in infrared light. It highlights the heat emitted by dust lanes in the galaxy where stars can form. Finally, the yellow coloring is visible light data from Hubble. Most of this light comes from stars, and they trace the same spiral structure as the dust lanes. This image was distirbuted to more than 100; planetariums, museums, nature centers, and schools across the country in conjunction with Galileo’s birthday on February 15, 2009.

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RCW 86 A Super-Efficient Particle Accelerator

                                       RCW 86 A Super-Efficient Particle Accelerator

16(RCW 86 A Super-Efficient Particle Accelerator)

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This image is a composite from two observatories, the Chandra X-ray telescope and the European Southern Observatory’s Very Large Telescope. We American’s really do have more of a gift for naming our telescopes… don’t you think? 🙂 Now, this image is of RCW 86 a circular supernova remnant. It is believed that this star went supernova about 185 AD, here on Earth, and that Chinese astronomers may have observed the event here on Earth. By studying this remnant, a team of astronomers was able to understand new details about the role of supernova remnants as the Milky Way’s super-efficient particle accelerators. The team shows that the shock wave visible in this area is very efficient at accelerating particles and the energy used in this process matches the number of cosmic rays observed on Earth. I am taken by just how diffuse this supernova has become in just the past 1,900 years. This is just a blink of the eye, in cosmic lifetimes. However, I was struck by the beauty of this image, and it is why I have included it as the last image for this edition of ‘Lost in Space’.

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That’s right this is the last image of this edition of ‘Lost in Space’. All I have left for you, My Dear Shoevians, is a single incredible video! Much of this edition has been focused on supernova and exploding stars. All of them, in the end, creating the Black Holes that are imagined at the center of all galaxies, including our own Milky Way. It is for that reason that I; searched and searched and searched some more until I found what I was looking for. A video of the (believed) process of the ‘Formation of a Black Hole’! Therefore, without further adieu, I give you my one and only video of this edition of ‘Lost in Space’ titled ‘The Formation of a Black Hole’! ENJOY!

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That brings us to the very end of this edition of ‘Lost in Space’ My Dear Shoevians. As always, I hope that you all have enjoyed your time spent here, today. That you have found the images pleasing, the information helpful and your time spent here, well spent. If that is the case? I ask you this simple request. Please ‘Like’ and Share’ this article with all your; family, friends, co-workers and acquaintances via your social media outlets. Be it Facebook or Twitter, Instragram or Tumblr. Each and every share and like helps me to reach more and more people with my works, with the knowledge and with the ‘eye-candy’ that is these great images of and from the stars. Here’s to you having a great remainder of the week.

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Adieu!

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Thank you!

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Danny Hanning Writer, Editor, Research Staff and Publisher at The Other Shoe

Danny Hanning Writer, Editor, Research Staff and Publisher at The Other Shoe

© 2010 – 2015 Hanning Web Wurx and The Other Shoe

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Lost in Space – Chandra – August 26th 2015

Chandra Finds Intriguing Member of Black Hole Family-Tree

Chandra Finds Intriguing Member of Black Hole Family-Tree

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Welcome back My Dear Shoevians to The Other Shoe. I present to all of you, in this xtra-edtion of ‘Lost in Space’ for August 26th, 2015. Of course this xtra-edition is just a way for me to get my ‘Chandra’ on. Chandra being NASA’s flagship of X-ray astronomy, and the source of all the images in this xtra-edition’ for your weekend viewing pleasure! For all our new Shoevians, the Chandra space telescope is an X-Ray Telescope launched in 1999 by NASA. The images you will see here, today, are combinations of observations by; theChandra X-Ray Telescope and the Hubble Space Telescope. These two NASA wonders of modern technology and science. Quite honestly, My Dear Shoevians, this article has been ‘In the Works’ for the better part of two weeks. It all started the way many of my articles start, wandering the internet looking for something different to write!

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I had visited the NASA-Curiosity web site and found that the One Year Anniversary had just passed and their was a LOT of material I have to sift through, before I can put together areal tribute to the first year of Curiosity on Mars! So, My Dear Shoevians, look for a One Year Anniversary Edition of The Mars Report coming the first part of next week (August 31stor September 1st, 2105). Not wanting to surmount that particular journey, yet today, I shifted my focus to another of NASA’s projects I had my eye on, Chandra! Chandra is an X-Ray Telescope launched, by NASA, in 1999.

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I have seen some pretty incredible images, in the past few months, coming from the Chandra telescope. So, I headed over to the Chandra site at NASA. Much to my surprise, and my happiness, I found TONS of incredible to awe-inspiring images right at my finger tips. Soon, I became overwhelmed with the number and creative reach of these images. Rather than drown, in the imagery, I downloaded; nine of the most recent images, links for footnotes, and some detail of the images written by the good people at NASA. I put this all into a folder for… TODAY! Today, or rather tonight, it is Tuesday night August 25th, 2015 at about 11:30PM.

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I have all the images uploaded to my four different blog locations, I have all the links to reference the image origins in footnotes, and I have rather long descriptions of the images that I can use to help me write my own content, or use parts to supplement my writing with quotes from NASA. All told, I am now ‘as ready as I am going to be’ to write and publish this article of incredible images from an all NEW source! I do hope that all of you, My Dear Shoevians, enjoy these new images and our newest source for spectacular space images. If all goes well? I will be visiting the Chandra web site several times a month, and we will have another offshoot of ‘Lost in Space’ from Hubble to Chandra! Here goes my best effort at providing you,My Dearest Shoevians, with; more, better and different material, images and scientific exploration.

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Our first image of this edition of ‘Lost in Space’ is/was the image at the top of the page. However, I am going to explain that image when it comes up latter in this article. Therefore, the actual very first image of this edition will be the one right below this paragraph. This is an image of a ‘Super-Massive Black Hole” at the very center of our Milky Way Galaxy. Not everyone knows that the very center of our galaxy, the Milky Way, has a super-massive black hole! I had suspected, for many decades, that this was (in fact) the situation. That, if, our entire ‘reality’ (all of the galaxies, universes and everything) started with a black hole? Then it would stand to reason that the very center of our galaxy would be a black hole. Now, quite honestly, My Dear Shoevians, I did not anticipate that this black hole would be Super-Massive. That took me off guard.

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.NASA's Chandra Detects Record-Breaking Outburst from Milky Way's Black Hole

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(Chandra Detects Record-Breaking Outburst from Milky Way’s Black Hole)

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Oh, FYI, I am writing this article on my other computer… not the laptop that I usually; write, edit, upload and publish with and on. There is nothing wrong with that computer, it is just that I am in way too much pain to use that computer, today. What you, My Dear Shoevians, see above is a combination of images. The Chandra X-Ray Telescope took the originalimage of the x-rays emitting from this supermassive black hole, that is how we find these puppies… radiation found by x-ray searching. Then, they point Hubble at the exact same point, take images, and then overlay the Hubble image over the Chandra image and WaLa! You have the incredibly revealing image that we see, above.

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This is the very center of our Milky Way Galaxy. There we find a “Super-Massive Black Hole” and it is really busy! It is busy blasting “X-Ray Flares”! I could try to put all this into my own words, but the people at NASA really do seem to have a handle on the science that I just don’t Therefore, I will share the quote (below) that was part of the description given on the page with this image. Then, My Dear Shoevians, I will catch you on the other side!

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On September 14, 2013, astronomers caught the largest X-ray flare ever detected from the supermassive black hole at the center of the Milky Way, known as Sagittarius A* (Sgr A*). This event, which was captured by NASA’s Chandra X-ray Observatory, was 400 times brighter than the usual X-ray output from Sgr A*, as described in our press release. The main portion of this graphic shows the area around Sgr A* in a Chandra image where low, medium, and high-energy X-rays are red, green, and blue respectively. The inset box contains an X-ray movie of the region close to Sgr A* and shows the giant flare, along with much steadier X-ray emission from a nearby magnetar, to the lower left. A magnetar is a neutron star with a strong magnetic field. A little more than a year later, astronomers saw another flare from Sgr A* that was 200 times brighter than its normal state in October 2014.”2

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Well! That really does help with the explanation of what we are all seeing. The larger image is of the entire central region of the Milky Way. Then, we see two PIPs (Pictures in Pictures)in the lower right corner. The first one, going from left to right, is the earlier image insert showing the ‘Normal’ x-ray radiation output of this super-massive black hole. Then, the secondimage (to the right of the first) show the increased output NASA scientists noticed starting in September of 2013. The whole affair is now over, and the black hole has returned to its normal output of x-ray radiation. However, this sighting has helped Sir Stephen Hawking to solidify his theory on black holes, x-ray radiation (the x-ray radiation of black holes was once named/called ‘Hawking Radiation”) at the event horizon. This was in the news just this week, too!

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NASA's Chandra Suggests Black Holes Gorging at Excessive Rates

                                     NASA’s Chandra Suggests Black Holes Gorging at Excessive Rates

3(NASA’s Chandra Suggests Black Holes Gorging at Excessive Rates)

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Our next image, My Dear Shoevians, (above) is evidence of another super-massive black hole that is gorging on space materials at excessive rates! Chandra has studied dozens of these super-massive black holes and have found that quasars are, frequently, found at the center of these areas. That quasars and super-massive black holes form in/around each other. However, as I mentioned the three quasars and super-massive black holes in this image are consuming matter at “excessive rates”! Here, let me (again) quote the scientists at NASA for a better and clearer understanding of the science.

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Astronomers have studied 51 quasars with NASA’s Chandra X-ray Observatory and found they may represent an unusual population of black holes that consume excessive amounts of matter, as described in our latest press release. Quasars are objects that have supermassive black holes that also shine very brightly in different types of light. By examining the X-ray properties with Chandra, and combining them with data from ultraviolet and visible light observations, scientists are trying to determine exactly how these large black holes grow so quickly in the early Universe.

The quasars in this study – including the three shown as Chandra images in the bottom of the graphic – are located between about 5 billion and 11.5 billion light years from Earth. These quasars were selected because they had unusually weak emission from certain atoms, especially carbon, at ultraviolet wavelengths. Also, about 65% of the quasars in this new study were found to be much fainter in X-rays, by about 40 times on average, than typical quasars.

The weak ultraviolet atomic emission and X-ray fluxes from these objects could be an important clue to the question of how a supermassive black hole pulls in matter. Computer simulations show that, at low inflow rates, matter swirls toward the black hole in a thin disk. However, if the rate of inflow is high, the disk can puff up dramatically into a torus or donut that surrounds the inner part of the disk.”4

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Next, is an artist representation of the excessive rates of matter gorging taking place in and around these super-massive black holes and their neighboring quasars. Again, this is not an image taken by either Chandra or the Hubble space telescopes. The top ornage image is the artist representation, and below is actual images taken by the Chandra x-ray telescope. You can clearly see, in the upper image, just how much and how vast the reach and amount of matter these super-massive black holes are pulling into themselves! I simply cannot image being in the space near or around these super-massive black holes. They are completely capable of sucking down the entirely of our solar system in a matter of… … weeks, months, years! Here is the next image, I will catch all of you on the other side!

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Artist Representation of Super-Massive Black Holes Gorging

                                        Artist Representation of Super-Massive Black Holes Gorging

(Artist Representation of Super-Massive Black Holes Gorging)

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Now, My Dear Shoevians, there are not a whole lot of places you can go to see this kind of imaging with all the science explained nice and neat, eh? Oh, bye-the-bye if you are viewing this article at the Blog dot Com web site? Just what do you think of these images with the new theme? Don’t these images just jump off the page?!?! I previewed this new theme a lot,before picking this one, and I really thought that it as just perfect for all my; ‘Lost in Space’ , ‘The Mars Report’ and all the wonderful and incredible articles I write and share that have dozens of images, like these! I hope that you, My Dear Shoevians, really appreciate the change and how the images look with the new theme! Here is a quote, from NASA Scientists, about the image above:

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A new Chandra study indicates the existence of a population of black holes that is consuming extremely large amounts of material.

  • Thick, donut-shaped disks may be surrounding the black holes, blocking much of the light that would otherwise be emitted.

The black holes in these quasars may be growing at an extraordinarily rapid rate.”5

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I mean, that is great and all, but really I included this image because I was just taken aback by the orange image and how they have represented the gorging of these quasars and black holes so accurately! Really. Isn’t that image with all the orange just awesome? Now, on to our next image for today. WOW! It is only page 8, and I am already 1/3 the way through writing this article! At this rate I should be publishing this article at about 3AM! That is not really bad for a article of this size and scope! I just hope that nobody needs to call and talk to me, tomorrow, until about noon! 🙂

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NGC 5813: Chandra Finds Evidence for Serial Black Hole Eruptions)

                                     (NGC 5813: Chandra Finds Evidence for Serial Black Hole Eruptions)

6(NGC 5813: Chandra Finds Evidence for Serial Black Hole Eruptions)

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Awww… purple!!!! The image, above, is of the group of galaxies names NGC-5813. This group of galaxies have been the focus of immense study and have brought scientists to the conclusion that this super-massive black hole has been responsible for repeated (or Serial) eruptions, over the past 50 million years, and that his has permanently rearranged the galaxy around. It is science, and discoveries, like these that make me a very grateful human being living in a quite docile solar system in a very docile galaxy, the Milky Way. No galaxies colliding with other galaxies. No super-massive black holes erupting x-rays, or gorging on matter from our solar system. Our solar system, and our Milky Way Galaxy, are a lot like Southern California’s weather. Sun goes up, sun goes down. Sun goes up, sun goes down. Repeat. Now, for more of the scientific explanation of the image we see above.

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Astronomers have used NASA’s Chandra X-ray Observatory to show that multiple eruptions from a supermassive black hole over 50 million years have rearranged the cosmic landscape at the center of a group of galaxies.

Scientists discovered this history of black hole eruptions by studying NGC 5813, a group of galaxies about 105 million light years from Earth. These Chandra observations are the longest ever obtained of a galaxy group, lasting for just over a week. The Chandra data are shown in this new composite image where the X-rays from Chandra (purple) have been combined with visible light data (red, green and blue).

Galaxy groups are like their larger cousins, galaxy clusters, but instead of containing hundreds or even thousands of galaxies like clusters do, galaxy groups are typically comprised of 50 or fewer galaxies. Like galaxy clusters, groups of galaxies are enveloped by giant amounts of hot gas that emit X-rays.

The erupting supermassive black hole is located in the central galaxy of NGC 5813. The black hole’s spin, coupled with gas spiraling toward the black hole, can produce a rotating, tightly wound vertical tower of magnetic field that flings a large fraction of the inflowing gas away from the vicinity of the black hole in an energetic, high-speed jet.”7

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Well, My Dear Shoevians, it looks like there is going to me more like ten images today and not the nine I had previously mentioned. I had left out one of the images; link, narrative and name. I have, since I found the problem, added the link, name and information for out next image for this edition of ‘Lost in Space’. I really cannot think of a better group of people toget ‘Lost in Space’ with, or better stars and images to share whilst we are lost! Now, let me share our next image, and I will catch you on the other side!

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Chandra Finds Intriguing Member of Black Hole Family-Tree

                                          Chandra Finds Intriguing Member of Black Hole Family-Tree

8(NGC 2276: NASA’s Chandra Finds Intriguing Member of Black Hole Family Tree)

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Our image, above, is of the galaxy NGC-2276. It is located 100 million light-years from our earth here in the Milky Way. Now, the reason for its inclusion in this article, and the reason that NASA has found it “Intriguing” is that NGC-2276 contains a black hole in a state of evolution not previously seen before! The discovery of this black hole, at this time, helps to fill in the holes in the evolution of black holes. Much like the finding of Cro-Mangon man helped scientists fill in a hole in man’s evolutionary chain. As usual, my abilities to share this scientific information are adequate, but let me give the scientists at NASA a swing! I will catch you on the other side! 🙂

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A newly discovered object in the galaxy NGC 2276 may prove to be an important black hole that helps fill in the evolutionary story of these exotic objects, as described in our latestpress release. The main image in this graphic contains a composite image of NGC 2766 that includes X-rays from NASA’s Chandra X-ray Observatory (pink) combined with optical data from the Hubble Space Telescope and the Digitized Sky Survey (red, green and blue). The inset is a zoom into the interesting source that lies in one of the galaxy’s spiral arms. This object, called NGC 2276-3c, is seen in radio waves (red) in observations from the European Very Long Baseline Interferometry Network, or EVN.

Astronomers have combined the X-ray and radio data to determine that NGC 2766-3c is likely an intermediate-mass black hole (IMBH). As the name suggests, IMBHs are black holes that are larger than stellar-mass black holes that contain about five to thirty times the mass of the Sun, but smaller than supermassive black holes that are millions or even billions of solar masses. The researchers estimated the mass of NGC 2766-3c using a well-known relationship between how bright the source is in radio and X-rays, and the mass of the black hole. The X-ray and radio brightness were based on observations with Chandra and the EVN. They found that NGC 2276-3c contains about 50,000 times the mass of the Sun.”9

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50,00 TIMES the mass of our sun, Sol! WOOF! That is incredible, to say the least. I am just learning so much, in this edition of ‘Lost in Space’. Oh, bye the way, did I tell you, My Dear Shoevians? Tell you that a couple of school teachers (here in the states) have picked up (via Pintrest) MY ‘Lost in Space’ as/for a TEACHING TOOL?!?!? YES! I received notification, via pintrest, that two Middle School teachers, right here in America, are using my editions of ‘Lost in Space’ to TEACH about the stars and our solar system! Amazing, I have always wanted to be a teacher… Now, my writing is used in teaching of dozens of students all over America! That makes me really feel like I have reached a benchmark in my writing and publishing career! Drop me a message, or comment, and tell me what you My Dear Shoevians think about my article series ‘Lost in Space’ being used to teach Middle School students about the stars and galaxies around us! Just cool enough for school! 🙂

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NGC 1333: Stellar Sparklers That Last

                                                                    NGC 1333: Stellar Sparklers That Last

10(NGC 1333: Stellar Sparklers That Last)

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At 780 light-years from Earth the galaxy group named NGC-1333 is our next subject. The image, above, is really quite incredible because of the way it has been created for our viewing pleasure. This image is not just done with the imaging capabilities of Chandra, or any other one space telescope. No, rather, this image is the combination of many space and earth based telescopes, and a a testament to the capabilities, and potential, of many scientists and scientific groups working together. Again, let me have the good people as NASA explain this, better.

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This new composite image combines X-rays from NASA’s Chandra X-ray Observatory (pink) with infrared data from the Spitzer Space Telescope (red) as well as optical data from the Digitized Sky Survey and the National Optical Astronomy Observatory Mayall 4-meter telescope on Kitt Peak (red, green, blue). The Chandra data reveal 95 young stars glowing in X-ray light, 41 of which had not been identified previously using infrared observations with Spitzer because they lacked infrared emission from a surrounding disk.

To make a detailed study of the X-ray properties of young stars, a team of astronomers, led by Elaine Winston from the University of Exeter, analyzed both the Chandra X-ray data of NGC 1333, located about 780 light years from Earth, and of the Serpens cloud, a similar cluster of young stars about 1100 light years away. They then compared the two datasets with observations of the young stars in the Orion Nebula Cluster, perhaps the most-studied young star cluster in the Galaxy.”11

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Even if Republicans refuse to work with Democrats in the House of Representatives? It IS good to know that scientists from five different space observation organizations from five different locations around the United States all worked together to make this image an incredible image to behold, and an incredible image to hold-up as a testament to the potential of Americans working TOGETHER!

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NGC 2207 and IC 2163: Galactic Get-Together has Impressive Light Display

                            NGC 2207 and IC 2163: Galactic Get-Together has Impressive Light Display

(NGC 2207 and IC 2163: Galactic Get-Together has Impressive Light Display)

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Again, in the spirit of working together we see two galaxiesworking together to create an impressive light display! LOL, not really. It is an impressive light display, to be sure, but I am pretty darn sure that the inhabitants (f there are any) are not working together to collide their galaxies just for our entertainment! NGC-2207 and IC-2163 are, roughly, 100 million light-years away from our Earth. They are, both, spiral arm galaxies just like our Milky Way! They are in the process of colliding into each other, and making an incredible light display, in the process. The galaxy to the right, IC-2163, appears to be a much older galaxy. See how the arms are more spread out? How the lines of stars do not wrap around each other? Now, look to the galaxy to the left, NGC-2207. In this galaxy we can clearly see it is much younger. The arms are still wrapped tightly around the galactic center. The star, within the arms, are close and compact. It is a shame that these two celestial giants will meet their doom in a spectacular display of lights. Here is some more information from the scientists at NASA:

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Located about 130 million light years from Earth, in the constellation of Canis Major, this pair of spiral galaxies has been caught in a grazing encounter. NGC 2207 and IC 2163 have hosted three supernova explosions in the past 15 years and have produced one of the most bountiful collections of super bright X-raylights known. These special objects – known as “ultraluminous X-ray sources” (ULXs) – have been found using data from NASA’s Chandra X-ray Observatory.

As in our Milky Way galaxy, NGC 2207 and IC 2163 are sprinkled with many star systems known as X-ray binaries, which consist of a star in a tight orbit around either a neutron star or a “stellar-mass” black hole. The strong gravity of the neutron star or black hole pulls matter from the companion star. As this matter falls toward the neutron star or black hole, it is heated to millions of degrees and generates X-rays.

ULXs have far brighter X-rays than most “normal” X-ray binaries. The true nature of ULXs is still debated, but they are likely a peculiar type of X-ray binary. The black holes in some ULXs may be heavier than stellar mass black holes and could represent a hypothesized, but as yet unconfirmed, intermediate-mass category of black holes.

This composite image of NGC 2207 and IC 2163 contains Chandra data in pink, optical light data from the Hubble Space Telescope in red, green, and blue (appearing as blue, white, orange, and brown), and infrared data from the Spitzer Space Telescope in red.12

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That image is going to be hard to beat! However, don’t worry yourself too much, because I do believe that I have it beat (and still keeping the best for last, as always!) with this next image. So far, today, we have witnessed; gorging super-massive black holes, stellar sparklers that last, and two spiral arm galaxies in the process of colliding. Now, My Dear Shoevians, I have to share… … … (drum roll, please)… an ‘Exploded Star Blooms Like a Flower’! Check it out, and I will see you on the other side!

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G299.2-2.9: Exploded Star Blooms Like a Cosmic Flower

                                                G299.2-2.9: Exploded Star Blooms Like a Cosmic Flower

13(G299.2-2.9: Exploded Star Blooms Like a Cosmic Flower)

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WOOF! Sorry about my linguistic digress, but My Dear Shoevians, WOOF! This is an incredible image of a stellar phenomenon that, strangely, resembles a simple and basic feature of plant life here on Earth! Our cosmic explorations certainly do take us to places unknown, that appear to us as known! This star, G229.2-2.9, is only about 100,000 light-years from Earth. So close, and yet so far… in time, too! The explosion, that created this blossom-like cosmic array, happen (roughyl) 4,500 years ago, or about the time that the Egyptians were building their very first pyramids in the sands of Egypt. Now, My Dear Shoevians, this is not a nebula (the factory for stars), this is not the remnants of a galaxy. This is just the remnants of a exploded star! A star that went super-nova about 4,500 years ago and left us with a wondrous and incredible image to view, to enjoy and to learn from. Here is a bit more of the science from the good people at NASA:

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G299 was left over by a particular class of supernovas called Type Ia. Astronomers think that a Type Ia supernova is a thermonuclear explosion – involving the fusion of elements and release of vast amounts of energy – of a white dwarf star in a tight orbit with a companion star. If the white dwarf’s partner is a typical, Sun-like star, the white dwarf can become unstable and explode as it draws material from its companion. Alternatively, the white dwarf is in orbit with another white dwarf, the two may merge and can trigger an explosion.

Regardless of their triggering mechanism, Type Ia supernovas have long been known to be uniform in their extreme brightness, usually outshining the entire galaxy where they are found. This is important because scientists use these objects as cosmic mileposts, allowing them to accurately measure the distances of galaxies billions of light years away, and to determine the rate of expansion of the Universe.

Traditional theoretical models of Type Ia supernovas generally predict that these explosions would be symmetric, creating a near perfect sphere as they expand. These models have been supported by results showing that remnants of Type Ia supernovas are more symmetric than remnants of supernovas involving the collapse of massive stars.”14

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Well, My Dear Shoevians, I wasn’t going to mention this until the end of the article… but I just cannot wait. As of that last image credit, this edition of ‘Lost in Space’ qualifies of‘Gargantuan’ status by The Other Shoe publication rules! It is over a dozen pages in length (content, we are currently on page 18), and contains at least 14 footnotes. That was #14 footnote for the last image. Thankfully, I am nearly done with the writing of this article. It is 1:46AM and I am in horrific pain, and really need to get some rest… sleep. Now, for our nest-to-last image for the day. See you, My Dear Shoevians, on the other side!

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A Precocious Black Hole

                                                                                  A Precocious Black Hole

15(A Precocious Black Hole)

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Located 220 million light-years from our Milky Way Galaxy this black hole has grown too fast and too large for its host galaxy. The host galaxy is CID-947 and, as we can clearly see, this black hole is bursting out of the host galaxy. It makes for an incredible image, for our viewing pleasure, but calls into question many scientific beliefs about black holes and their relationship with their host galaxies. Shattering understanding is something that space and space exploration does on a regular basis. It is something that you, My Dear Shoevians, would have to get used to if you wanted to go into this field of scientific exploration. Now, as usual, let’s get some more information from the good people at NASA:

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Researchers have discovered a black hole that grew much more quickly than its host galaxy. The discovery calls into question previous assumptions on the development of galaxies.

The black hole was originally discovered using NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope, and was then detected in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey and by ESA’s XMM-Newton and NASA’s Chandra X-ray Observatory.

Benny Trakhtenbrot, from ETH Zurich’s Institute for Astronomy, and an international team of astrophysicists, performed a follow-up observation of this black hole using the 10 meter Keck telescope in Hawaii and were surprised by the results. The data, collected with a new instrument, revealed a giant black hole in an otherwise normal, distant galaxy, called CID-947. Because its light had to travel a very long distance, the scientists were observing it at a period when the universe was less than two billion years old, just 14 percent of its current age (almost 14 billion years have passed since the Big Bang).

An analysis of the data collected in Hawaii revealed that the black hole in CID-947, with nearly 7 billion solar masses, is among the most massive black holes discovered up to now. What surprised researchers in particular was not the black hole’s record mass, but rather the galaxy’s mass. “The measurements correspond to the mass of a typical galaxy,” says Trakhtenbrot, a postdoctoral fellow working within the Extragalactic Astrophysics research group…”16

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That, My Dear Shoevians, brings us to the final image of this ‘Gargantuan’ edition of ‘Lost in Space’. As usual, I have saved the best for last, just as planned and just as always. Let me take a moment here to say “Thank you!” for dropping by, today. Thank you for making The Other Shoe a place you come to read, look at incredible images and (maybe) learn a little. I always hope that you have enjoyed your visit, and that you tell others of your time spent here, so that they too can come and find a nice place to read and learn, and have fun! Now, for out final image(s) of this edition. I will ‘see’ you on the other side!

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IYL 2015: Chandra Celebrates The International Year of Light

                                           IYL 2015: Chandra Celebrates The International Year of Light

17(IYL 2015: Chandra Celebrates The International Year of Light)

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This is, actually, FIVE images in one place. I managed to copy the information for four of the images, and I will share that with all of you, My Dear Shoevians, below:

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Messier 51 (M51):
This galaxy, nicknamed the “Whirlpool,” is a spiral galaxy, like our Milky Way, located about 30 million light years from Earth. This composite image combines data collected at X-ray wavelengths by Chandra (purple), ultraviolet by the Galaxy Evolution Explorer (GALEX, blue); visible light by Hubble (green), and infrared by Spitzer (red).

SNR E0519-69.

SNR E0519-69.

SNR E0519-69.0:
When a massive star exploded in the Large Magellanic Cloud, a satellite galaxy to the Milky Way, it left behind an expanding shell of debris called SNR 0519-69.0. Here, multimillion degree gas is seen in X-rays from Chandra (blue). The outer edge of the explosion (red) and stars in the field of view are seen in visible light from Hubble.

 

 

MSH 11-62

MSH 11-62

MSH 11-62:
When X-rays, shown in blue, from Chandra and XMM-Newton are joined in this image with radio data from the Australia Telescope Compact Array (pink) and visible light data from the Digitized Sky Survey (DSS, yellow), a new view of the region emerges. This object, known as MSH 11-62, contains an inner nebula of charged particles that could be an outflow from the dense spinning core left behind when a massive star exploded.

 

Cygnus A

Cygnus A

Cygnus A:
This galaxy, at a distance of some 700 million light years, contains a giant bubble filled with hot, X-ray emitting gas detected by Chandra (blue). Radio data from the NSF’s Very Large Array (red) reveal “hot spots” about 300,000 light years out from the center of the galaxy where powerful jets emanating from the galaxy’s supermassive black hole end. Visible light data (yellow) from both Hubble and the DSS complete this view.

 

RCW 86

RCW 86

RCW 86:
This supernova remnant is the remains of an exploded star that may have been witnessed by Chinese astronomers almost 2,000 years ago. Modern telescopes have the advantage of observing this object in light that is completely invisible to the unaided human eye. This image combines X-rays from Chandra (pink and blue) along with visible emission from hydrogen atoms in the rim of the remnant, observed with the 0.9-m Curtis Schmidt telescope at the Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory (yellow).

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That brings us to 2AM… to my very end of tolerance to my pain, and to the time when I simply must get some rest for tomorrow. I will be unable to publish this article tonight, Tuesday August 25th, 2015. However, tomorrow is Wednesday and I will have this article published by 11AM to Noon Pacific time for everyone’s viewing pleasure. This really has been a‘Gargantuan’ edition of ‘Lost in Space’. Weighing in at over TWENTY pages in length, more than 16 footnotes and TEN (Really nine + 5) images for your viewing pleasure. I hope that this article has satisfied your yen for space images and science.

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As always, it has been my pleasure to bring these incredible images to you, My Dear Shoevians. If you have enjoyed yourself? All I ask is that you ‘Like’ and ‘Share’ this work with all your; family, friends, co-workers and acquaintances via your social media! You can find me on Facebook under The Other Shoe. There are four blog locations, each with a different theme, different ‘looks’ and a different way of presenting images and the like. I hope everyone has a great rest of the week, and I look forward to seeing you all again, right here, soon!

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Adieu!

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Thank YOU!

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Danny Hanning Writer, Editor, Research Staff and Publisher at The Other Shoe

             Danny Hanning Writer, Editor, Research Staff and Publisher at The Other Shoe

© 2010 – 2015 Hanning Web Wurx and The Other Shoe

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Coming, This Week, to The Other Shoe!

A Precocious Black Hole

1(A Precious Black Hole)

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                                       Welcome back My Dear Shoevians to The Other Shoe. Today is Tuesday August 25th, 2015 and this is the most recent edition of (and the return of) Coming Soon to The Other Shoe’. When I started by battle with Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma (nearly one year ago) I stopped publishing this article series. I did this because… well, My Dear Shoevians, I did not want to promise articles and have my health prohibit my keeping a promise. Today I a, going to give it a go and write and publish my very first edition of ‘Coming Soon to The Other Shoe’ in a long, long, time.

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This week I am working to bring you, My Dear Shoevians, over a half-dozen images from the Chandra X-Ray Telescope. These images are striking to see, and incredible in what they share. This is my very first time sharing images from this source, but it won’t be my last. The top image, for this article, is just one of the many I have prepared for presentation… hopefully, tomorrow! I have one other article that I am working hard to get ready for presentation.

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President Eisenhower Quote about Joe McCarthy

President Eisenhower Quote about Joe McCarthy

(President Eisenhower Quote about Joe McCarthy)

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My Dear Shoevians, I know that a great many of you are reading outside of America. First, I would like to “Welcome!” all my readers from around this great world. I want you all to know that I cherish your readership just as much as any of my American readers. Next, I am deeply concerned about our Republican Party here in America. I have made it abundantly clear, my concerns about the ‘base’ of our Republican party, and I have not and will not shy away from my journalistic responsibility to speak; truthfully, honestly, and credibly. The American Republican Party is on the WRONG path. With Donald Trump (a REALITY TV star) leading most polls, it is clear as day that our Republican Party has lost its way.

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Later, this week, I will be sharing an article that is quite close to my heart. In this article I will, do my best, to show the parallels between the rhetoric of the ‘McCarthy Era’ and current; Republican Presidential Candidates, Republican Congressmen, Republican Senators and (worst of all) “Conservative Media Outlets”. For many years now I have ‘seen’ the parallels, and watched with growing concern and genuine loathing. Well, the time has come that I put my concerns to paper and shared them with all of you, My Dear Shoevians.

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The, recent, rhetoric of Donald Trump is some of the most; racist, bigoted and misogynistic rhetoric I have heard in my entire 57 year life. This should be of grave concern to a majority of Americans. However, it is not. This troubles me deeply, and I know that a plurality of intelligent people (all over the world) are watching this vulgar display of sophomoric and hateful rhetoric and wondering “will Americans reward this grotesque behavior” treating out national political dialogue like a reality television show. This has gone on for too long, it is doing real and substantive harm to America’s international image and it is time that at least one journalist (myself) writes and publishes his concerns.

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Those are the two articles that I have planned for publication later this week. I am really working hard to get back to a more productive publishing schedule. However, my pain and physical limitations are not cooperating as much as I would like, or need. I would like to say ‘Thank you!” to every single one of you, My Dear Shoevians, that keeps coming back and reading. Coming back and reading and ‘Liking’ and ‘Sharing’ my work. My writing.. my blog(s)… they are my life! I am completely unable and incapable of working are ‘real’ job. My neurological and physical damage and limitations are great, but I simply must keep busy and productive.

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Know this, My Dear Shoevians. When I have a ‘Good Week’ I WILL write and publish more! When I have a ‘Bad Week’ I will not be able to write and publish as much as I would like… as much as I would hope. Regardless, ‘Good Week’ or ‘Bad Week’ I WILL keep; researching, asking questions, sharing wondrous images, and informed and educated views and opinions. That is my PROMISE to all of you, My Dear Shoevians.

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Adieu!

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Thank you!

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Danny Hanning Writer, Editor, Research Staff and Publisher at The Other Shoe

                      Danny Hanning Writer, Editor, Research Staff and Publisher at The Other Shoe

© 2010 – 2015 Hanning Web Wurx and The Other Shoe

Lost in Space – Hubble – August 18th, 2015

The Eagle Nebula

The Eagle Nebula

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 (The Eagle Nebula)

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Welcome back My Dear Shoevians to The Other Shoe. First, My Dear Shoevians, I would like to share an apology. After several weeks of keeping up with writing and publishing, on a regular schedule, I have failed to meet this goal over the past several days. My health has taken a turn for the worse and I have been sleeping and resting for 12-18 hours each day. The pain in cervical spine has worsened greatly. At the same time, I have found myself nearly completely unable to; walk, use my left hand, and speak without stuttering greatly.

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I am falling, in side my home, frequently. When I go to work on an article of write, at all, I am greeted (within 10 minuets of sitting down behind the keyboard) with tremendous waves of painthat start in my neck and shoot down into my arms and hands. These waves of pain continue, and grow worse and worse, until I cannot think straight and must relent in my work. Once I have powered down my system, cleared the bed of work materials, and laid down completely prone I begin to find relief. Within thirty minuets of lying prone on my bed, the shooting pains begin to lessen, my neck relaxes and the waves of pain become less frequent.

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Honestly, My Dear Shoevians, I really do not know or understand why my pain and suffering has increased so. Do not understand why I am being, again, challenged to face up to my pain, ‘bite-the-bullet’ (so to speak) and work through the growing pain in an effort to keep my blog going (andgrowing). It has always been my ultimate goal to create a number of blogs that share; news, information, images and videos on subjects I enjoy most and that I feel are left-out of many/all mainstream media outlets. Just today, there was another ‘Bing/MSNBC/Pulse poll, on Donald Trump. They asked the question “Since Trump’s Appearance on Meet the Press, do you take him more seriously?”

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When the poll ended (at Noon Pacific time) it stood at: 6% NO (His appearance did NOT improve my opinion of Trump) vs 40% responding that YES it did improve their opinion of Trump. Another pollshowing that Donald Trump (and his efforts at garnering the Republican Nomination) meet withDISapproval my a majority of Americans! I find it to be gravely disingenuous (of MSNBC) to run these polls, and then (when they do NOT favor Trump) MSNBC just does NOT report the results! FYIFor more than an hour the poll actually stayed @ 64%-66% NOT “more seriously” to 36%-34% YES“more seriously”. Therefore, for a preponderance of the polling, and by a vast majority (of those polled) Donald J. Trump’s appearance this past Sunday (On ‘Meet the Press’) was just ‘more-of-the-same’, did NOT distinguish himself in a positive or even a Presidential fashion, and failed (#epicfail)at proving that he can give an interview that swayed any but his already enamored followers.

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Bing/MSNBC/Pulse Poll Showing 60% did NOT take him more seriously

Bing/MSNBC/Pulse Poll Showing 60% did NOT take him more seriously

(Bing/MSNBC/Pulse Poll Showing 60% did NOT take him more seriously)

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My Dear Shoevians, again, I really do apologize for my inability to continue to; research, download, upload, edit and publish (regularly) five to seven articles per week. That has alwaysbeen ‘My Goal’, and it has especially been my goal since I purchased and started my ‘Brand New’ and‘All-My-Own’ blog location. I did make a agreement (with my benefactor) that I would do my very best to establish and keep a “regular publishing schedule” to prove my appreciation for their generosity and support.

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Enough said. Now, My Dear Shoevians, I am going to share with all of you nearly two-dozen images from the Hubble Space Telescope. Whilst roaming the many web pages, of the NASA web site, a wandered into a huge collection of (what I feel to be) an incredible, awe-inspiring and wondrousimages from all around our galaxy and beyond. I cannot put into words the shear wonder that this one‘space telescope’ has brought to mankind. As well, it has provided a constant and incredible flow of breath-taking images and science. Each, and every, week My Dear Shoevians, I do my level best to bring as many of these incredible images to you via my blog(s).

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For our first image, of this edition of ‘Lost In Space – Hubble’ I am taking you to a “galaxy far, far away”. The galaxy is located in the constellation of Draco and has the designation ‘NGC-6503’. It spans some 30,000 light-years (about 1/3 the size of our own Milky Way Galaxy) and finds itself in a very unique place in space. For you see, My Dear Shoevians, that NGC-6503 is a very lonely galaxy! 18 million light-years from our home, it sits just on the other side of a strangely empty patch of space known as ‘The Local Void’!

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‘The Local Void’ is a stretch of space that measures, at least, 150 million light-years across. It appears to be completely devoid of; stars, planets, or any galaxies! This is a very unique region of space, and one that (to this days) remains without explanation. However, today’s image is of theclosest galaxy to ‘The Local Void’ and has gained the name the “Lost in Space Galaxy” by Stephen James O’Meara in his 2007 book ‘Hidden Treasures’! So, My Dear Shoevians, here we have ‘The LOST in SPACE Galaxy’ the last signpost of ‘The Local Void’! (FYI – Can you guess just WHY I would pick a galaxy names the LOST IN SPACE galaxy to appear in an article series… named… … … ‘Lost in Space’?) 

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The ‘Lost in Space’ Galaxy as Seen by Hubble

The ‘Lost in Space’ Galaxy as Seen by Hubble

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(The ‘Lost in Space’ Galaxy as Seen by Hubble)

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Now, My Dearest Readers, I will do my best to keep giving you the most; information, location, and background for all the images I have to present here today. However, some images might come with less or even less information. Thank you for your understanding of my health situation, and your support as Shoevians! Thank you!

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Coming a little closer to home, just 48 million light-years from us here in the Milky Way Galaxy, we find the galaxy NGC-428. NGC-428 lies in the constellation of Cetus (The Sea Monster) and is aspiral-arm galaxy just like our own. As can be seen, in the image below, the galaxy NGC-428 is quitedistorted and warped. It is thought that this is the case due to a collision between two galaxies!

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“There also appears to be a substantial amount of star formation occurring within NGC 428 — another telltale sign of a merger. When galaxies collide their clouds of gas can merge, creating intense shocks and hot pockets of gas, and often triggering new waves of star formation.

NGC 428 was discovered by William Herschel in December 1786. More recently a type of supernova designated SN2013ct was discovered within the galaxy by Stuart Parker of the BOSS (Backyard Observatory Supernova Search) project in Australia and New Zealand, although it is unfortunately not visible in this image.”[2]

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NGC-428 ‘Mess of Stars’

NGC-428 ‘Mess of Stars’

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(NGC-428 ‘Mess of Stars’)

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Now no edition of ‘Lost in Space’ or ‘The Mars Report’ would be complete without sharing some‘brand new science’! Our next image, My Dear Shoevians, falls into that category of images. Taken by the Hubble Space Telescope, a team of astronomers used this image to establish a direct linkbetween “supermassive black holes that power high-speed, radio emitting jets” and “a history ofmerger with other galaxies”. This is real science in the stage of discovery! While I enjoy writing, and think I am pretty darn good at taking astronomy and presenting it in a way it is understandable tomost? I am going to share a quote of the science involved… then the incredible image that caught my eye!

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“A team of astronomers using the Hubble Space Telescope found an unambiguous link between the presence of supermassive black holes that power high-speed, radio-signal-emitting jets and the merger history of their host galaxies. Almost all galaxies with the jets were found to be merging with another galaxy, or to have done so recently.

The team studied a large selection of galaxies with extremely luminous centers — known as active galactic nuclei — thought to be the result of large quantities of heated matter circling around and being consumed by a supermassive black hole. While most galaxies are thought to host supermassive black holes, only a small percentage of them are this luminous and fewer still go one step further and form what are known as relativistic jets. The two high-speed jets of plasma move almost at the speed of light and stream out in opposite directions at right angles to the disc of matter surrounding the black hole, extending thousands of light-years into space.

Future observations could expand the survey set even further and continue to shed light on these complex and powerful processes.”[4]

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Hubble Survey Confirms Link Between Mergers and Supermassive Black Holes with Relativistic Jets

Hubble Survey Confirms Link Between Mergers and Supermassive Black Holes with Relativistic Jets

(Hubble Survey Confirms Link Between Mergers and Supermassive Black Holes with Relativistic Jets)

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The subject of our next image resides within the constellation of Dorado (The Swordfish). This is alittle-known galaxy with the all-to-long-name of ‘J04542829-6625280’. Also known as ‘LEDA-89996’ it is s classic example of another ‘Spiral-Arm Galaxy’ (the same as our very own ‘Milky Way Galaxy’). So close, to our own Milky Way galaxy, Leda 89996 appears to be very close to the ‘Large Magnetic Cloud’ – one of the satellite galaxies of our ‘Milky Way’. Some areas of this image appear to be out of focus, even blurry. Actually, these areas are full of dusts and gases the building blocksof future suns.

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Hubble Looks at Stunning Spiral-Arm Galaxy

Hubble Looks at Stunning Spiral-Arm Galaxy

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(Hubble Looks at Stunning Spiral-Arm Galaxy)

 

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Now, My Dear Shoevians, we are going to ‘knock-it-up-a-notch’ with out next image for this edition of ‘Lost in Space’. This image captures two galaxies locked in a mortal embrace. The galaxies are known as NGC 4038 and NGC 4039. These once normal sedate galaxies, much like our own Milky Way, have spent the last few million years in a galactic-sparring-match the likes of which mankind has never witnessed before. This galactic encounter is so violent that stars have been ripped from the host galaxies and torn into a streaming arch between the two galaxies. From the article that explained this image:

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“This new image of the Antennae Galaxies shows obvious signs of chaos. Clouds of gas are seen in bright pink and red, surrounding the bright flashes of blue star-forming regions — some of which are partially obscured by dark patches of dust. The rate of star formation is so high that the Antennae Galaxies are said to be in a state of starburst, a period in which all of the gas within the galaxies is being used to form stars. This cannot last forever and neither can the separate galaxies; eventually the nuclei will coalesce, and the galaxies will begin their retirement together as one large elliptical galaxy.”

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NASA Hubble Sees Sparring Antennae Galaxies - NGC 4038 & NGC 4039

NASA Hubble Sees Sparring Antennae Galaxies – NGC 4038 & NGC 4039

[6]

(NASA Hubble Sees Sparring Antennae Galaxies)

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Now, we move away from sparring galaxies and on to my most favorite subject for galactic images…nebula. The wallpaper for my cell phone is the ‘Horse Head Nebula’. These hot glowing clouds of gas are the birthplace of our stars. This nebula is located in the constellation of Sagittarius. Intense winds from hot stars, churning funnels of gas all work together to form an intricate haze of gas and pitch dark black dust. I picked this image because I thought it would make a great wallpaper, I as right! FYI My Dear Shoevians, if at any time you enjoy an image you see in, either, ‘Lost in Space’or ‘The Mars Report’ and you would like to use said image? Just click on the image, and it should take you to a separate page where the image appears in its original HD form. Not all of my blog locations do this. I know that my all new location (http://theothershoe.co) does… and Word Press (www.theothersshoe.wordpress.com) but check it out and click on the image. Secondary to that? You can just follow the footnote to the bottom of the article. There you can click on the link to the original source for the image, and get the HD version of the image you want. These stellar images domake for great desktops and wallpapers. Now for ‘Stormy Seas in Sagittarius’.

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Stormy Seas in Sagittarius - The Lagoon Nebula

Stormy Seas in Sagittarius – The Lagoon Nebula

[7]

(Stormy Seas in Sagittarius)

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Staying in the constellation of Sagittarius (The Archer), we move from one type of nebula, to another. This image is of a ‘Planetary Nebula’ designated NGC-6818. Only a mere 6,000 light-years from our own Milky Way, this nebula is actually a sun in retirement. When a sun, like our own sun Sol, comes to the end of its life span (retirement) they shed their outer layers into space to create glowing gas clouds called planetary nebula. This ejection of mass and energy can be unevenand, as shown in this image, have very complex structures. You can clearly see the knotty “filament-like” structures, and the distinct layers of material. There is a very bright center, surrounded by slower moving clouds of gas and dust. Giving us the illusion of a gem hanging in space.

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Hubble Finds a Little Gem - NGC 6818

Hubble Finds a Little Gem – NGC 6818

[8]

(Hubble Finds a Little Gem – NGC 6818)

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Now moving away from our Milky Way galaxy, as a matter of fact moving 15 million light-years away. We come to the barred Spiral galaxy M83. Known as the ‘Southern Pinwheel’ it is located in the constellation of Hydra. The ‘Southern Pinwheel’ contains an unknown number of; stars, planets, and supernovae and stretches across 50,000 light-years. This image is being used by the citizen project titled ‘Star Date M83’whose primary goal is to estimate the ages for the approximately 3,000 star clusters. I was just taken aback by the; size, clarity, depth of field, density and contrast of this image.

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Hubble Views Stellar Genesis in the Southern Pinwheel

Hubble Views Stellar Genesis in the Southern Pinwheel

[9]

(Hubble Views Stellar Genesis in the Southern Pinwheel)

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For our next image I have found a galaxy in a ‘tug-of-war’ with another passing galaxy. A mere 100 million light-years from earth (in the constellation of Pisces) the galaxy NGC-7714 is in a galactic struggle with NGC-7715. In this image you can clearly see that this galaxy is being pulled inside outby the passing NGC-7715. The galaxy is distorted by the gravitational tug-o’-war much like taffy-pulling’ We cannot see the other galaxy, NGC-7715, as it is just outside the frame of this image. This galactic battle began about 100 million to 200 million years ago, about the time when dinosaurs roamed the earth.

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Hubble Spies a Loopy Galaxy - NGC 7714

Hubble Spies a Loopy Galaxy – NGC 7714

[10]

(Hubble Spies a Loopy Galaxy)

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Our next image come form another Barred Spiral Galaxy known as NGC-986. First discovered ion 1828 by the Scottish astronomer James Dunlop. This image was taken by Hubble’s Wide Field and Planetary Camera 2. Found in the constellation of Fornax (The Furnace) located in the southern sky. The galaxy is very bright a 11th magnitude galaxy situated a mere 56 million light-years from Earth.

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Hubble Sees a Spiral in a Furnace - NGC 986

Hubble Sees a Spiral in a Furnace – NGC 986

[11]

(Hubble Sees a Spiral in a Furnace)

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Well, My Dear Shoevians, that brings us to the end of this article and to our very last image of the day. Thing is? This is my 13th image in an article that will be 17 pages long. That genuinely qualifiesthis edition of ‘Lost in Space’ as a “Gargantuan” edition of this storied series. I am always a littlethrilled when I manage to hit that mark, and happy that I have worked hard to provide all of you, My Dearest Shoevians, with the most images and descriptions possible. Now, on with the remainder of the show!

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Our final image is of a ‘Galaxy with a Glowing Heart’. That was the caption for the image, and I am not going to change it at all! Getting even closer, back to home here in the Milky Way, we find ourselves just 32 million light-years away from Earth. Located in the constellation of Dorado NGC-1433 is a spiral galaxy, but a quite rare type of spiral galaxy. Known as a as a Seyfert galaxy they are only about one in ten of the known galaxies. They have very bright luminous centers which compare to the entire brightness of our Milky Way!  The core of this galaxy is being studied by LEGUS (Legacy ExtraGalatic UV Survery). Here is a quote from the article for the image.

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“Galaxy cores are of great interest to astronomers. The centers of most, if not all, galaxies are thought to contain a supermassive black hole, surrounded by a disk of in-falling material.

NGC 1433 is being studied as part of a survey of 50 nearby galaxies known as the Legacy ExtraGalactic UV Survey (LEGUS). Ultraviolet radiation is observed from galaxies, mainly tracing the most recently formed stars. In Seyfert galaxies, ultraviolet light is also thought to emanate from the accretion discs around their central black holes. Studying these galaxies in the ultraviolet part of the spectrum is incredibly useful to study how the gas is behaving near the black hole. This image was obtained using a mix of ultraviolet, visible, and infrared light.”[12]

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That brings us to the image, itself. I am thinking I might just drop-in some images at the end of the article. I am just fighting hard through the pain… I wanted, so much, to cover all the images I have picked. Share the information and any science and discoveries. However, I am just not going to be able to accomplish that task, and get this article published any time soon. Here is ‘Hubble Sees a Galaxy with a Glowing Heart’!

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Hubble Sees a Galaxy With a Glowing Heart - NGC 1433

Hubble Sees a Galaxy With a Glowing Heart – NGC 1433

[13]

(Hubble Sees a Galaxy With a Glowing Heart)

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Well, I just couldn’t do it… leave without trying to present all the images I hand-picked for you, My Dear Shoevians. Although my hands are making each and every word a difficult task, and my mind is flooded with pain messages, I will persevere! Now, we come really close to HOME! We move into just THIRTEEN (13) million miles away to one of the closest groups of galaxies to ‘The Local Group’(The Local Group contains US-The Milky Way and the Magellanic Clouds). In the constellation ofSculptor the galaxy of NGC-7793 is the subject of our next image. This image shows NGC-7793’sspiral arms and a central bulge. This galaxy does not have a pronounced spiral shape and is further muddled by the mottled pattern of dark dust that stretches across the frame. From the article that accompanied this image.

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“Although it may look serene and beautiful from our perspective, this galaxy is actually a very dramatic and violent place. Astronomers have discovered a powerful micro-quasar within NGC 7793 — a system containing a black hole actively feeding on material from a companion star. A micro-quasar is an object that has some of the properties of quasars in miniature. While many full-sized quasars are known at the cores of other galaxies, it is unusual to find a quasar in a galaxy’s disk rather than at its center.

Micro-quasars are almost like scale models — they allow astronomers to study quasars in detail. As material falls inwards towards this black hole, it creates a swirling disk around it. Some of the infalling gas is propelled violently outwards at extremely high speeds, creating jets streaking out into space in opposite directions. In the case of NGC 7793, these jets are incredibly powerful, and are in the process of creating an expanding bubble of hot gas some 1,000 light-years across.”[14]

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Now, for the image itself!

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Hubble Finds Jets and Explosions in NGC 7793

Hubble Finds Jets and Explosions in NGC 7793

[15]

(Hubble Finds Jets and Explosions in NGC 7793)

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This is truly the end, My Dear Shoevians. I found the next image, while researching and documenting the others, and cannot find the image credit. Please forgive!

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The Milky Way as Seen from Earth

The Milky Way as Seen from Earth

(The Milky Way as Seen from Earth)

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That brings us to the end of this edition of ‘Lost in Space’. I do hope that you have enjoyed your time spent here, today. As always, if you have enjoyed the images, perhaps gained some knowledge from the content, and generally had an enjoyable stay? Please, ‘Like’ and ‘Share’ this article via all your social media. This way all your; family, friends, co-workers and acquaintances can too enjoy and learn. What better way to say you care than to share something that you enjoyed?

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I will be back, later this week, once I have something more to share… and my pain is back down to a manageable level. Have a great and productive week.

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Adieu!

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Thank you!

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Danny Hanning Writer, Editor, Research Staff and Publisher at The Other Shoe

Danny Hanning Writer, Editor, Research Staff and Publisher at The Other Shoe

© 2010 – 2015 Hanning Web Wurx and The Other Shoe 

 


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